USA fisheries statistics: production, consumption and trade

The United States of America is the largest world seafood producer amongst the developed countries, averaging a total production volume of 5.49 million tonnes over the 3-year period from 2013 to 2015. Finfish accounted for 88% of the weight of total landings and 46% of the total value (source: NOAA, 2016). According to the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the seafood industry supported nearly 1.2 million jobs and generated USD 144 billion of turnover in 2015.

The United States of America was the world’s 4th largest exporter and the largest importer of seafood by value in 2016. While exports have remained approximately stable, US seafood imports have tripled in the last 20 years to reach a total value of USD 20.16 billion in 2016. According to NOAA, over 90% of the seafood consumed in the United States of America is imported. The main imported species are shrimp, salmon, crab and white fish. In 2016, the United States of America was the top global import market for shrimp with 603 986 tonnes imported, representing 3.1 percent year-on-year growth.

Alaska Pollock, pacific salmon, lobster, crab, fish roe and surimi are the United States of America’s top exported seafood products, accounting for more than 40% of the total value of exports in 2014 (source: US Department of Agriculture, 2015).

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the US authority which, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), ensures that imported fish and fishery products are safe, wholesome, and accurately labelled. The FDA uses the Import Alert System as a tool to prevent potentially violative products from entering the US seafood supply chain.

Graphs and tables are based on statistics prepared by the FAO Statistics and Information Branch, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department

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Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, spongers, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


Shrimp, salmon, crab and groundfish

Market Reports

16-03-2023 Landings in 2022 appear to be slightly below landings in 2021. The outlook for 2023 is a further slight reduction in supplies. Atlantic cod and haddock are expected to reach about 930 000 tonnes and 308 000 tonnes, respectively, while ...
15-03-2023 Alaskan authorities announced the cancellation of the Bering Sea snow crab fishery and the Bristol Bay red king crab fishery. The Alaskan crab industry will face an extreme challenge as a result. SuppliesIn October, the Alaska Department of Fish and ...
09-03-2023 Increased supply of farmed shrimp kept Ecuador at the helm of global shrimp trade from January to September 2022. During this period China overtook the United States of America as the top import market with large supplies from Ecuador and ...
07-03-2023 While there were minor declines in global trade with lobsters during the first half of 2022 compared to 2021, imports into the European Union were up by a solid 23.5 percent. The supply situation is fairly good, although the dispute ...
06-03-2023 The limited salmon production, especially for the first semester, and strong demand are expected to impact prices. Global developments such as high inflation and the war between Ukraine and Russia continue to produce effects. The main producing countries are undergoing ...

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