Fourth Workshop and Training Course for Blue Ports Initiative took place in Vigo

FAO organized the Fourth Blue Ports Workshop and the first training course on "Greening a Blue Fishing Port" in July 2022, in conjunction with the Government of Spain, the Regional Government of Galicia, and the Port of Vigo.

FAO established the "four betters" in the Strategic Framework 2022-2031 to achieve sustainable development through more efficient, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable transformation for better production, nutrition, environment, and life.

FAO works to promote a blue transformation by strengthening the role of fishing ports in the aquatic food value chain in order to improve production in the context of fishing ports. In this regard, the recently created Blue Ports Initiative (BPI) seeks to promote sustainable coastal development through blue port operations, while also improving collaboration with stakeholders.

To achieve the Initiative's aims and goals, parties participating in the blue transformation of fishing ports and food value chains must work together. A blue fishing port is a sustainable port that brings together partners from the private sector, academia, civil society, and governments to create a positive impact. This is accomplished through innovative initiatives that reduce CO2 emissions, restore the ocean, create jobs, and strengthen the food value chain.

Cooperation among fishing ports is essential to share knowledge and implement good practices, based on the current worldwide connectivity among fishing ports. As a result, the Spanish government has supported both technically and financially to the development of various initiatives, such as the capacity-building course held last month.

From 11 to 15 July, 2022, 26 port representatives from 13 African, Asian, and Latin American nations gathered at the Port of Vigo to strengthen networking, information transfer, and capacity building in order to become a blue port.

Participants from Namibia, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Morocco, Kenya, Korea, Viet Nam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Peru, Colombia, Spain, and the Organization of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector of the Central American Isthmus (OSPESCA) and the Central American Commission for Maritime Transport (COCATRAM) of the Central American Integration (SICA) have agreed on knowledge transfer, study visits, and tool kits to reinforce positive impact.

The workshop concluded with the consensus that fishing ports will continue to implement the BPI in the coming years. More efforts will be necessary in the coming years to devise technical assistance programs and undertake capacity-building initiatives through the development of a "Guidance on Becoming a Blue Port." Furthermore, with the participation of all port and fishing authorities, the development of a joint baseline to measure the impact of the BPI is advocated.

The Blue Ports Initiative will assist fishing ports become more sustainable in terms of social, economic, and environmental growth, so that no one is left behind.

Tags: #BluePortsInitiative #PortOfVigo #Sustainability #FishingPorts #BlueTransformation

Fourth Workshop & Training Course for Blue Ports Initiative in Vigo


The People’s Republic of China released the 2021 National Fishery Statistical Bulletin

China's 2021 National Fishery Statistical Bulletin, which was published on 21 July 2022, included some important data:

  • Calculated at current prices, the total fisheries and aquaculture output in China amounted to CNY 2 968.97 billion (USD 437.90 billion).

  • The total output of marine fisheries was CNY 230.37 billion, the total output of mariculture was CNY 430.17 billion, the total output of freshwater fisheries was CNY 33.66 billion, and the total output of freshwater aquaculture was CNY 747.37 billion.

  • The per capita net income of fishers increased by CNY 1 604.9 or 7.35 percent from the previous year to CNY 23 442.13.

  • There were 520 800 vessels used in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors (10.02 million tonnes).

  • There were 16.34 million fishers, a 5.03 percent or 865 300 reduction from the previous year.

  • Fisheries and aquaculture products’ total import and export volume in 2021 was 9.55 million tonnes, while their total value was $39.95 billion, up 0.72 and 15.41 percent, respectively, year over year.

  • Over the same period last year, the trade surplus increased by $430 million to $3.9 billion.

Tags: #China #fisheries ##statistics #imports #exports #production


Philippines readies plan to raise fish production to address declining output levels

To address diminishing fisheries output, the Philippines intends to pursue a variety of strategies to boost production levels. The value of fisheries production fell by 2.3 percent in August 2022, with major losses in tiger prawns (sugpo), blue crabs (alimasag), mudcrabs (alimango), cavallas (talakitok), and milkfish production (bangus).

The Philippines' Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) has proposed numerous initiatives for the sector's modernization, intensification, and innovation, which would be executed between now and 2022. These are meant to alleviate the country's estimated edible fish supply gap of 44 000 metric tonnes. The estimated supply gap is over one percent short of what is required to establish full sufficiency in the Philippines.

BFAR intends to modernize the business by mechanizing irrigation supply canals and increasing the use of fish aggregating devices at critical fishing locations around the country. BFAR will focus on developing a cold chain program in island towns to prevent post-harvest losses.

In order to increase production capacity, BFAR intends to include more high-value species in the National Fish Broodstock Development Program, such as siganids, snappers, pompano, groupers, and seabass. It would specifically reduce imports and lower the cost of aquaculture production by increasing the number of fish hatcheries to improve domestic output. Along with enhancing mariculture parks across the country, the Bureau will expand its existing programs to stock more public bodies of water with marketable fish species in a sustainable manner.

Furthermore, it will promote urban aquaculture and unorthodox production methods like as tanks, dams, small farm reservoirs, water impounding ponds, and naturally elevated or ground-level fishponds. The Bureau is also working to improve aquaculture by utilizing green energy.

Tags: #Philippines #government #policy #fishing #aquaculture


Indonesia announces a new system of catch quota-based fishing permits

Indonesia’s fisheries ministry is looking to implement a catch quota-based fishing system by allocating fishing permits. The announcement has come in the wake of the government attempting to reform the sector to realize greater and more sustainable gains from fisheries. Under this system, both domestic and foreign companies would be given fishing permits in designated areas. New investors would be eligible for “special permits” of up to 15 years following their submission of a catch quota request and a bidding process. Companies that already hold a fishing permit would have to change their present quota to total catch quota, which is calculated based on number of vessels used.

The new system would provide every fishing stakeholder (traditional fishers, small-scale, large scale fishers and lobbyists) an allocated limit out of the annual total allowable catch (TAC) – capped at 80 percent of the estimated fish stock in the designated area. It seeks to further divide Indonesia’s fisheries management areas into different zones for traditional and small-scale fishers, major fishing vessels, and conservation initiatives, such as spawning and nursery grounds. Additionally, it will set limits on the number of boats, docks, fishing windows, and types of gear that are permitted in each fishing zone, as well as the harvest quotas for each type of fish.

The system is likely to come into effect from early 2023 across 79 fishing ports with a focus on fishing vessels over 30 gross tonnes (GT). Until the end of 2022, there will be trials in three fishing ports.

Tags: #Indonesia #fisheries #government #policy #fishingpermits


New list of eligible countries to export wild shrimp to the United States of America

Since 1991, the United States of America has prohibited the import of wild shrimp from a number of nations in an effort to prevent sea turtle bycatch when shrimp fisheries cannot be controlled to safeguard sea turtle populations. According to the US State Department, 37 countries including Hong Kong, as well as 13 fisheries in seven more countries, are qualified to export wild shrimp to the US market this year.

Tags: #US #seafood #trade #imports #exports  #shrimp


New Voluntary Specification Standard set by the Chinese Industry for Live Whiteleg Shrimp for Specific Type of Warehouses.

The Specification of Quality Management for Live Whiteleg Shrimp in Preposition Warehouse Pattern was published on 8 August 2022 by the China Chain Store & Franchise Association (CCFA) and the China Aquatic Products Processing and Marketing Association (CAPPMA). This specification is a voluntary standard put forth by the industry. It focuses on live whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), a welcome product that has recently achieved significant market dominance. A creative and effective technique called "preposition warehouse pattern" leverages distribution centers for interim storage and selection. Additionally, fresh supplies are sent to customers who place online orders via nearby service stations.

For preposition warehouse arrangements, food safety is a constant problem. Food loss and oxygen deprivation can readily happen when the product is transported. It is challenging to control food losses during the circulation process. By defining requirements for quality control in all phases, such as distribution, local service stations, transportation, appearance check, rapid test, disinfection, oxygen use, traceability, and recall system, this specification aims to alleviate these concerns.

It would further encourage online sales growth, satisfying Chinese consumers' need for fresh seafood and aquaculture products.

Tags: #China #shrimp #specification #livewhiteleg #foodsafety #industry


Indian exports of fisheries and aquaculture products were record high in 2021-2022

Indian exports of fisheries and aquaculture products reached an all-time high at USD 7.76 billion during the 2021 April - 2022 March fiscal year, representing a 30.3 percent rise in value. The volume of exports was 19.1 percent higher year-on-year at 1.37 million tonnes during this period.

The major markets were the United States of America, China, the European Union, Japan, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East.

Table 1 - India: Exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - 2020-2021 and 2021-2022
India: Exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - 2020-2021 and 2021-2022
Exports 2021-2022 2020-2021 Percentage Growth
Quantity in 1000 tonnes 1 369 1 149 +19.12
In million USD 7 759 5 956 +30.26
Unit Value (USD/Kg) 5.67 5.18 +9.36
Source: Press release from the Government of India

Regarding the total value of fisheries and aquaculture exports, the share of aquaculture products was 69.8 percent in value and 48.6 percent in quantity, representing a rise of 1.8 and 2.3 percent, respectively.

During this period, the export share of capture fisheries decreased from 53.7 to 51.4 percent in quantity and from 31.9 to 30.2 percent in value. The unit value of aquaculture products increased marginally from USD 7.61 to USD 8.14 per kg. The unit value of capture fisheries also increased slightly from USD 3.09 per kg to USD 3.33 per kg.

Table 2 - India: Exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - 2020-2021 and 2021-2022
India: Export Details during April-March 2021-2022
Quantity in tonnes; Value in USD Million
Products 2021 - 22 2020 - 21 Percentage Growth
Shrimp and prawn Q 728 123 590 275 23.35
V 5 829 4 426 31.68
Frozen fish Q 226 586 188 130 20.44
V 3 472 2 942 17.19
Frozen Cuttlefish Q 58 992 59 292 -0.51
V 280 223 26.18
Frozen Squid Q 75 750 61 176 23.82
V 383 273 14.24
Dried fish products Q 73 679 85 661 -13.99
V 143 157 -8.40
Total (including others) Q 1 369 264 1 149 510 19.12
V 7 760 5 957 13.26
Source: Press release from the Government of India

Frozen shrimp was the top product group, valued at USD 5.8 billion (728 123 tonnes) during 2021-2022. The number one market was the United States of America (342 572 tonnes), followed by China (125 667 tonnes), the European Union (90 549 tonnes ), South East Asia (44 683 tonnes), Japan (38 492 tonnes)  and the Middle East (37 158 tonnes).

Tags#India #fisheries #aquaculutre #exports #capture fisheries 


Mexico - Update of the National Fisheries and Aquaculture Charters

In Mexico, the national fisheries and aquaculture charters are documents developed by the Fisheries and Aquaculture National Institute (Inapesca). The National Commission of Aquaculture and Fisheries (Conapesca) implements the national charters to regulate the management of fisheries resources in the country.

The National Fisheries (CNP) and Aquaculture (CNA) Charters have been updated to include 537 fisheries of 415 species, which account for more than 95 percent of the volume and 90 percent of the value of the nation's overall production. This supports the practice of managing fisheries and aquaculture operations in a sustainable manner.

On July 26, 2021, the CNP was published. CNP provides the cartographic and written representation of the analysis and evaluation of the fisheries and indicators on the availability and conservation of fishery resources in waters under federal jurisdiction. There are 21 species in it, including four from fisheries on the Pacific Coast of the United States of America, 15 from the Atlantic, and two bodies of continental waters.

The 21 species are the following:

Mexico - Update of the National Fisheries and Aquaculture Charters
Pacific Coast
  • Giant Squid
  • Marlin (recreational fishing)
  • North Pacific hake
  • Small pelagic
Atlantic coast
  • Catfish (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Brown shrimp (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Red and rock shrimp (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea)
  • Pink shrimp (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Crab (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Jack mackerel and bluestripe jack (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea)
  • Lobster (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea)
  • Lisa and mugil curema (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Dusky grouper and blackfin soapfish (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea)
  • Sea cucumber (Yucatan Peninsula)
  • Octopus (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea)
  • Rays (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Snook and robalos (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Sierra and wahoo (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Sharks (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea)
Bodies of continental waters
  • Leonardo Rodriguez Alcaine Hydroelectric Dam "El Cajón (The Drawer, in English)", Nayarit.
  • Adolfo Lopez Mateos Dam "El Infiernillo, (The Inferno, in English)", Michoacan-Guerrero

Along with these species, a total of 348 CNP and CNA species, including 83 fisheries, 90 inland water fisheries, 43 coastal lagoon ecosystems, 65 capture fisheries, 47 species in protected natural areas, 20 conservation of species under protection, and 36 specifics of good practices in aquaculture and mariculture, have been published in the Official Journal of the Federation.

Tags#Mexico #fisheries #aquaculutre #government #sustainability #mapping


India sets Marine Products Export Target of USD 12.6 Billion by 2024-25

India has set an export target of USD 12.6 billion by 2024-25 and announced investments in the sector. The target comes in the wake of the sector recording the highest ever export value of USD 7.76 billion in 2021-22.

To achieve the target, the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA), under India's Department of Commerce, is planning to create an ecosystem to sustain the gains in the long-term through diversification of its basket of marine products exports. To support this strategy, MPEDA is aiming to develop aqua-quarantine facilities. The government has lauded the performance of shrimp exports which accounted for nearly 75 percent of the total value of marine goods exports and hopes to diversify the basket by promoting exports of varieties such as mud crab, sea bass, tilapia, cobia, pompano, among others. Additionally, the department will modernize fishing harbors, construct more cold storage facilities, establish fish processing plants and implement projects to strengthen deep-sea fish farming. The government has set aside a budgeted overlay of USD 113 million for these projects. Apart from the infrastructural improvements, the department's research wing would set up a Brood Stock Multiplication Centre to breed high-quality Tiger variety shrimp. The government is also promoting the enrollment of Aqua Farms to improve the traceability of catch.

India has attained a record value of marine product exports despite the hike in freight fares and shortage of containers. The projected estimates by the government state that exports would grow by nearly 43 percent by the end of the financial year 2022-23. Given the growing demand for fisheries and aquaculture products, the government plans to offer loans to aqua farmers through public schemes and increase marine cage culture.

Tags: #India #fisheries #aquaculutre #government #policy #development


Norwegian export record in July

Salmon exports set a record high in July 2022. Exports were NOK 10 million (approx. USD 1 million) higher than the previous record month, which was in June this year.

Norway exported fish and fish products valued at NOK 11.6 billion (USD 1.1 billion) in July, representing an increase of NOK 2.1 billion (USD 200 million), or 23 percent, compared to July 2021. Since the start of this year, Norway has exported NOK 81.7 billion (USD 8 billion) of fisheries and aquaculture products. This is an increase of NOK 18.5 billion, or 29 percent, compared to 20212021.

While the export volume for important species such as salmon, cod, mackerel, and herring fell in July, high salmon prices contributed the most to July´s strong export results for fisheries and aquaculture products. At the same time, the export price for several other species and products also reached record highs in July. For example, klipfish of cod, saithe, frozen whole cod, and haddock have achieved prices not seen before.

Tags#Norway #exports #salmon #fisheries #aquaculture


Strong market for small pelagics

Supplies of North Sea herring were tight in July, which pushed prices up for Norwegian export products. In July, the average price for skinless fillets increased by 26 percent. While Norway’s export volume of herring was down by two percent in July, the export value was up by four percent.

Mackerel prices were also high. During July, Norway exported 7 800 tonnes of mackerel, down 32 percent compared to last year. But the value was only down by 14 percent. This summer, the biggest markets for Norwegian mackerel were Egypt, Viet Nam, and Lithuania.

Tags: #small #pelagics #market


Snow crab prices are dropping

After a period of high prices, snow crab prices dropped considerably during the summer. At the beginning of August, 5-8 oz clusters of frozen snow crab dropped to USD 7.05 – 7.30 per lb, down from USD 16.80 – 17.05 per lb at the beginning of January.

Tags: #Snow #crab #prices 


Korean octopus imports rise

Korean imports of frozen octopus declined during the COVID-19 pandemic, from 2 754 tonnes in 2019 to 1 631 tonnes in 2020 and 1 019 tonnes in 2021. During the first seven months of 2022, Korean frozen octopus imports reached 1 497 tonnes, up 156 percent compared to the same period in 2021. The leading supplier was Mauritania, which accounted for no less than 70 percent of the total.

Tags: #Korea # octopus #imports #exports #recover


China releases new policies for the ready meals industry

On 24 March, Guangdong Province of the People’s Republic of China issued a set of developmental policies explicitly targeting the ready meals industry https://dc.gd.gov.cn/hlwdc/zc/content/post_3924011.html), which cover technical support, regulatory mechanism, value chain, SMEs, capacity building, cold chain, retailing, international markets, among other areas. This is a new initiative proposed by this coastal province in South China, a pioneer in China’s many reforms.

According to Guangdong Government, there are 5 369 registered enterprises in the ready meals industry in Guangdong, about 7.5 percent in China . Ready meals typically refer to finished or semi-finished food made of grain, livestock, poultry, aquatic products, and vegetables, mainly in three forms, i.e., ready-to-eat, ready-to-heat, and ready-to-cook. With the boom of the “otaku economy” and stay-at-home culture, as well as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the ready meals industry has seen rapid growth. Some analysts estimate the market size  about CNY 345.9 billion (USD 51.7 billion) in 2021.

The promulgation of the anti-food waste law in 2021 and associated campaigns set the road for the greening of the food industry in the 14th Five-Year Plan Period, while the guiding document for promoting the development of the food industry has stimulated the market. The rapid development of the cold chain is also an important facilitator. According to the Chinese State Council, the cold chain had a market size of CNY 380 billion (USD 56.8 billion) in 2020,  larger than the market size in 2015. The release of the cold-chain logistics development plan in the 14th Five-Year Period (see policy update in Chinese Fish Price Report Issue 1 2022-Policy Update), with its emphasis on fresh food, may contribute significantly to the ready meals industry, allowing for food to be transported farther, quicker and distributed with high quality. 

Some aquatic products are popular for ready meals, such as grass carp, seabass, Basa catfish, crayfish, and bullfrog. The 2022 Instant Food Consumption Trend Report for JD.com, one of the top online retailers in China, shows that fish and aquaculture products are among the top 10 most popular ingredients. Some dishes, like fried spicy crayfish and cooked fish with pickled vegetables, are quite famous. No doubt, ready meals will be the new growth point for aquatic products.

Tags: #China #readymeals #policy


China announces its fishing ban policy for Chinese-flagged vessels on the high seas for 2022

On 23 May, China announced its fishing ban policy applicable to Chinese-flagged fishing vessels on the high sea for 2022 (official document in Chinese: http://www.moa.gov.cn/govpublic/YYJ/202205/t20220525_6400465.htm). All Chinese fishing vessels operating on the high seas, excluding tuna purse seiner and tuna longlines fishing vessels, are not allowed to fish in the designated areas for a specific period (see Table 1).

This is the third year China has applied such a policy and the first year addressing fishing activities in the northern Indian Ocean. Although it is too early to assess how this policy may contribute to the recovery of fisheries resources on the high seas, especially for cephalopod species, it shows commitment to engaging in international fisheries governance. According to the report by China Fisheries Journal, such policy covers around 70 enterprises with about 1 500 fishing vessels with squid as its main targeting species[1].

[1] The data is from a report of China Fisheries Journal. Link: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/6G2e10tCVS9E3ElmfVZJMQ.



China announces its fishing ban policy for Chinese-flagged vessels on the high seas for 2022
Areas for China's voluntary fishing moratorium on the high seas in 2020, 2021 and 2022
Year Time Geographical range
2020 1 July-30 September Southwest Atlantic Ocean, international waters, an area with 32°S-44°S lat., 48°W-60°W long.
2021 1 July-30 September Southwest Atlantic Ocean, international waters, an area with 32°S-44°S lat., 48°W-60°W long.
1 September-30 November Eastern Pacific Ocean, international waters, an area with 5°N-5°S lat., 110°W-95°W long.
2022 1 July-30 September Southwest Atlantic Ocean, international waters, an area with 32°S-44°S lat., 48°W-60°W long.
1 September-30 November Eastern Pacific Ocean, international waters, an area with 5°N-5°S lat., 110°W-95°W long.
1 September-30 November The northern Indian Ocean, international waters excluding areas governed by Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement (SIOFA), an area with 0°N-22°N lat., 55°E-70°E long.


New Chinese Policy towards Managing Invasive Alien Species

On 31 May 2022, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA), Ministry of Natural Resources, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, and the General Administration of the Customs of the People’s Republic of China issued the Measures for Managing Invasive Alien Species” (“Measures”), which will take effect on 1 August 2022 (The Measures in Chinese. Link: www.customs.gov.cn/hangzhou_customs/575609/zlbd/@3429438/3429439/4412962/index.html). It is a significant regulation of the Biosecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China and a major milestone for regulating biosecurity and protecting biodiversity in China.  

The Measures encompass several points, such as: 

  • The establishment of an inter-ministerial coordination mechanism for preventing and controlling invasive alien species with MARA as the lead authority in regulation and coordination. 

  • The need to conduct nationwide assessments of alien species by MARA every ten years, with a list of alien species, and develop technical rules and standards for monitoring, risk assessment, early warning, and prevention and control. 

  • The control measures should be developed on source prevention, monitoring and early warning, governance, and restoration, to cover all critical aspects from the import of alien species to end-use. 

  • The import of new species requires risk analysis and approval from competent provincial agriculture, forestry, grass authorities, and Customs. 

  • Companies shall take measures to prevent species from escaping into the natural environment. 

  • The establishment of a monitoring system, conducting regular monitoring and assessment and sharing and publishing information on alien species. 

  • The control of the spread of alien species and, where necessary, recovery of the ecological system. 

  • According to law, the public is encouraged to participate in prevention and control work. 

Considering this new regulation, the control measures for the storage, transportation, and production of certain species may become stricter. 

Tags: #China #biosecurity #biodiversity #fisheries #alien


China releases Carbon Mitigation and Storage Implementation Scheme for Agriculture

The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, together with the National Development and Reform Commission, released the Carbon Mitigation and Storage Implementation Scheme (“Scheme”) on 7 May 2022 (in Chinese. http://www.kjs.moa.gov.cn/hbny/202206/t20220629_6403713.htm). It sets out targets to reduce emission intensity as its lead policy, emphasizing the commitment to dealing with climate change, especially realizing the “3060” goals.

For the fisheries and aquaculture sector, the Scheme sets up the following main tasks:

  • Development of green aquaculture, such as integrated rice-fish farming, ecological aquaculture in large inland waters, and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, and reduce methane emissions;
  • Development of shellfish farming on tidal-flat and nearshore areas with good management, build a marine ranch, and promote a multi-layered ecological aquaculture system for improvement of carbon storage capacity;
  • Reduce emissions from fish vessels and machines.

To meet these targets, the Scheme lists some key actions, including phasing-out old vessels, aquaculture upgrading projects, marine ranch projects, use of renewable energy, and improvement of monitoring systems and statistical capacity.

#China #Carbon #mitigation #fisheries #aquaculture #policy


MEXICO - International trade in fisheries and aquaculture products

MEXICO - International trade in fisheries and aquaculture products
Mexican imports of fisheries and aquaculture products by supplying countries (in USD million)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
China 267.0 305.1 343.9 280.3 258.3 388.3
United States of America 128.1 151.1 119.4 106.4 130.3 194.8
Chile 126.9 140.9 134.8 138.0 121.8 152.2
Viet Nam 103.8 126.4 118.0 127.5 63.4 93.4
Honduras 47.5 36.2 5.9 21.1 12.7 55.0
Peru 12.3 11.6 21.8 26.7 26.1 26.6
Guatemala 17.4 18.5 26.8 22.3 19.8 14.2
Ecuador 32.0 14.0 13.8 12.5 16.1 19.1
Norway 13.9 19.6 15.6 18.1 15.2 18.5
Spain 8.6 14.2 23.1 25.7 15.0 9.6
Others 102.8 131.6 135.8 76.2 55.2 153.3
World 860.4 972.3 958.9 854.7 733.6 1 125.0
Source: TDM

Total imports into Mexico of fisheries and aquaculture products reached USD 1.1 billion in 2021, representing an important increase over 2020 but also compared to pre-COVID-19 years. China is the leading supplier, mainly shipping frozen tilapia fillets to the Mexican market. The United States of America is the second major trading partner, also re-exporting some Chinese products. Chile and Viet Nam complete the picture, with exports to Mexico exceeding USD 100 million. The Republic of Korea is ranked as the 12th fish exporter worldwide to the Mexican market, with about USD 15 million (a meager figure during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020).

Fish fillets (HS 0304) are the leading Mexican fisheries and aquaculture imports group, with 60 percent of the total value. Frozen whole fish represents about USD 100 million. All other groups are less important, with frozen crustaceans and canned fish listed as important groups.

MEXICO - International trade in fisheries and aquaculture products
Mexico imports of fisheries products, by commodity group (in USD million)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
03 fish and crustaceans, molluscs 609.9 705.8 697.0 644.6 519.7 804.2
0304 fish fillets, fresh, chilled or frozen 351.6 384.9 421.6 417.1 333.2 493.6
0303 fish whole, frozen 117.8 173.6 141.8 100.6 92.4 124.0
0306 crustaceans 80.3 73.9 47.2 50.7 38.4 105.8
0307 molluscs 38.0 45.8 55.8 45.3 31.7 46.3
0305 fish, cured 15.5 20.2 20.8 19.9 15.4 17.9
0302 fish whole, fresh or chilled 4.1 5.2 7.4 8.8 6.3 10.6
0301 fish live 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.1 1.1
0308 aquatic invertebrates other 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 1.2 0.0
1604 prepared or preserved fish 120.1 122.9 124.1 87.3 105.3 127.3
1605 crustaceans, molluscs prepared or preserved 65.6 74.4 75.2 67.1 45.8 92.3
2301 fishmeal 56.2 65.0 56.8 52.4 55.7 93.8
1504 fishoil 8.7 4.2 5.9 3.3 6.9 7.5
Total 860.4 972.3 958.9 854.7 733.6 1 125.0
Source: TDM

Mexico is a net exporter in value terms and a net importer in quantity terms. This demonstrates that the country mainly imports low-value products and exports high-value fisheries and aquaculture products. The main products imported are tilapia fillets from China, pangasius fillets from Viet Nam, and salmon from Chile. The main fisheries and aquaculture products exported include frozen shrimp to the United States of America, fresh bluefin tuna from the outgrowing cages to Japan, and frozen yellowfin tuna to Spain.

MEXICO - International trade in fisheries and aquaculture products
Mexican exports of fisheries and aquaculture products by supplying countries (in USD million)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
United States of America 600.0 687.4 649.6 697.8 652.7 723.1
China 30.6 79.0 153.1 226.0 169.2 157.9
Japan 97.8 73.1 113.8 104.6 63.7 73.6
Spain 60.4 65.2 136.1 79.1 71.4 99.8
Hong Kong 92.8 87.4 80.3 60.0 52.6 51.0
Viet Nam 30.9 93.6 80.8 6.6 4.6 2.5
Canada 13.5 36.5 27.1 25.0 24.8 35.7
Italy 23.3 24.8 41.2 15.8 10.1 32.9
Others 84.1 197.3 179.3 167.5 163.5 271.2
Wolrd 1 033.5 1 344.3 1 461.4 1 382.4 1 212.5 1 447.7
Source: TDM

The value of Mexican exports of fisheries and aquaculture products reached USD 1.45 billion in 2021. It is worth mentioning that China and the United States of America, the leading exporters to Mexico, are also the main importers of Mexican fisheries and aquaculture products. However, the United States of America plays an outstanding role, accounting for over half of the export value. The Republic of Korea is ranked tenth among Mexico’s importers of fisheries products.

MEXICO - International trade in fisheries and aquaculture products
Mexico exports of fisheries products, by commodity group (in USD million)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
03 fish and crustaceans, molluscs 879.6 1 017.9 1 124.5 1 097.0 900.0 1 044.0
0306 crustaceans 423.8 573.1 497.9 533.3 458.5 397.4
0302 fish whole, fresh or chilled 198.1 173.6 225.6 218.1 165.7 226.2
0307 molluscs 90.5 91.2 156.9 109.0 62.0 150.1
0304 fish fillets, fresh, chilled or frozen 87.4 90.0 95.6 100.3 102.2 116.7
0303 fish whole, frozen 63.9 63.1 103.0 107.4 90.8 101.1
0308 aquatic invertebrates other 7.0 17.8 36.2 21.2 14.1 31.9
0305 fish, cured 8.4 8.9 8.9 7.2 6.2 7.4
0301 fish, live 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5
2301 fishmeal 60.3 117.2 167.2 136.3 143.0 195.9
1604 prepared or preserved fish 33.9 107.1 77.4 57.1 86.3 66.5
1605 crustaceans, molluscs prepared or preserved 53.2 73.4 73.0 53.9 41.5 57.0
1504 fishoil 6.5 28.6 19.2 38.1 41.7 84.3
Total 1 033.5 1 344.3 1 461.4 1 382.4 1 212.5 1 447.7
Source: TDM

The leading commodity group exported from Mexico is frozen crustaceans, which account for 26 percent of the export value. Fresh fish is also important, with 15 percent of the value. In addition, fishmeal also represents a 13 percent share of the value of fisheries and aquaculture products.

More information about the production and trade of fisheries and aquaculture products in Mexico is available here.

Tags: #Mexico #seafood #trade #imports #exports #US #China #tilapia #salmon #pangasius


UAE announces support for fuel and eased regulations for the fisheries sector

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has announced plans to roll out fuel support for the fishing sector amid the surging fuel prices. The scheme has been launched in partnership with two oil companies. 

According to the press release statement, the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment (MOCCAE) has put in place a point-based system to determine eligible candidates that would reap the benefits of the fuel support scheme. The points are allocated on parameters such as - gross income, receipt of any marine engine subsidies, fishing frequency, year in which the boats were enlisted in the Ministry’s public register, and the number of family members. According to estimates, in 2022, the scheme would benefit 478 fishers. The decision came after meetings with heads of fishers’ associations to discuss the challenges and opportunities affecting the nation's fishing industry. 

In addition, the government has eased the licensing procedures by simplifying the process for the transfer of fishing boat licenses and renewals. Also, the government has amended some provisions concerning the exploitation, protection, and development of living aquatic resources related to the fishing profession through changes in Executive Regulations of the Federal Law No. 23 of 1999. These changes emphasise the importance of ensuring the sustainability of the fishing stocks, given the sector’s contribution to the UAE’s food security.  

UAE is looking to grow its fisheries and aquaculture industry which is driven largely by its small-scale fishers. UAE’s exports of fisheries and aquaculture products in 2021 were valued at USD 248.6 million.

Tags: #UAE #fishing #fuel #regulations #development


GACC announced new COVID-19 preventative measure for imported cold-chain food to China

On 8 July 2022, the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China (GACC) announced Notice No.58 of 2022, which provides and optimizes current COVID-19 preventative measures for imported cold-chain food. According to the Notice, for cold-chain food that tested positive for COVID-19 at the Customs inspection, GACC shall investigate actions taken by the exporting countries in contamination prevention and examine whether their food safety management and operations comply with the import requirements of China. The food tested COVID-19 positive will be disposed according to the guiding documents on cold-chain food by the State Council (Notice No. 58 in Chinese: www.customs.gov.cn/manzhouli_customs/566020/3392762/566021/4461439/index.html)

The Notice replaces Notice No.103, announced on 11 September 2020. According to the 2020 Notice, once the cold-chain food or its packaging tested COVID-19 positive, GACC will immediately suspend the importation from relevant enterprises for one to four weeks. From January to March 2022 alone, 122 temporary suspensions were issued, of which 97.5 percent of notices were for aquatic products, including frozen white leg shrimp, frozen hairtail, frozen pangasius, and others. 

The new Notice is believed to ease the control measures. At the same time, it puts more emphasis on source control, i.e., stricter requirements on safety control of exporting countries and enterprises. In addition, there are changes in disposing of food tested COVID-19 positive. Not all food tested COVID-19 positive is withdrawn from the market. If the packages were tested COVID-19 positive, food might enter the market after proper package disinfection. Food may enter the market after ultra-high temperature (UHT) treatments are provided. 

Tags: #China #COVID-19 #fisheries #aquaculture #seafood #import #regulations

Share this page