Cereals & Grains

Teff is a staple crop in Eritrea and Ethiopia where it is a native annual grass species but is not widely known around the world. The very small seeds are cooked or fermented and have good nutritional content. The plant is very adaptable to different conditions but is day length sensitive, requiring 12 hours of daylight to flower.

Organization: Institute of Agricultural Research Organization, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia (IARO)
Author: Alemayehu Refera
Technical Editor: Danilo Mejia, FAO
Last Reviewed: 14/05/2001
(pdf 60pp - 1.2Mb)

Wheat is widely grown around the world under diverse climatic conditions and has been the staple food of the major civilizations in Europe, Asia and North Africa for 8,000 years.  In 2007 it was the third most produced cereal after maize and rice with a world production of over 600 million tonnes (FAOSTAT). As an important staple food used in a wide variety of products, post-production operations play an important role in creating a stable food supply. Wheat is also used to produce animal feedstuffs, starch and ethanol.

Author: Umar K. Baloch
Technical Editor: Danilo Mejia, FAO
Last Reviewed: 14/10/1999
(pdf 21pp - 0.5Mb)
1 2