Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme


The MICCA pilot project (2011-2014) in Kenya aimed to reduce the overall GHG balance of the livestock production systems by improving animal breeds and their productivity in the Kaptumo Division of Nandy County.

Based on site-specific participatory and expert assessments, the project developed a portfolio of suitable practices for smallholder farmers. The capacity-building activities were undertaken through the East Africa Dairy Development (EADD) Programme and reached over 4 500 male and female farmers through a gender-sensitive farmer-to-farmer extension approach. In parallel, technical alternatives for reducing the climate change ‘footprint’ of the dairy industry were also tested, including through the EX-ACT tool.

The project resulted in reduced GHG emissions from the farm systems and enhanced sinks, while almost all (97 percent) of the adopters of CSA practices perceived benefits, such as increased farm income. It thus reiterates the relevance to shift towards the design and adoption of more integrated production systems, not only to reduce GHG emissions, but mainly to increase and diversify agricultural production, while reducing vulnerability to climate change.

The lessons from the field, which were shared with stakeholders in a national workshop, are now utilised in the development of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the dairy sector of Kenya.


National climate actions in the Kenyan Dairy Sector: A mechanism for enhancing productivity, food security and improving resilience of dairy supply chains

The State Department of Livestock of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries with support from UNIQUE, CCAFS and FAO is developing a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) for the dairy sector. The key approach envisioned within the Dairy NAMA is to improve dairy productivity and thereby reduce the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions per kilogram of milk, since this allows development of the sector while reducing the environmental impact of growth. Appropriate and cost effective technologies and extension services for fodder production, fodder conservation and farm-based water harvesting technology offer a promising pathway to increase milk production throughout the year. Other key opportunities for climate-smart dairy production will be investigated in the farm input sub-sectors, livestock waste management, energy efficiency improvements in the post-farm-gate value chains and milk processing. 

For further information, please refer to:

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Kenya’s dairy sector

FAO SBSTA submission