Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme

United Republic of Tanzania

Combining conservation agriculture with agroforestry

From 2011 to 2014, in the Uluguru Mountains, the MICCA’s pilot project was carried out by FAO and partners  under the CARE International’s Hillside Conservation Agriculture Project (HICAP), which integrates soil and water conservation and zero tillage practices into smallholder farm management. HICAP’s activities were spread over an area of 17 000 ha and involved 4 948 households.

The project aimed to improve yield and livelihoods, and reduce erosion, burning, and deforestation. Capacity needs assessments were first undertaken to develop a portfolio combining suitable CSA practices. The implementation strategy then relied on gender sensitive farmer’s led extension approaches and demonstration plots.

By measuring the increase in carbon accumulation resulting from the CSA practices implemented, the pilot project provided quantifiable evidence that smallholder men and women farmers can contribute to the mitigation of climate change while increasing productivity. Additionally, the improved cooking stoves introduced in the area proved that reducing fuel wood consumption eases pressure on forests. Finally, the results also point to the importance of connecting small scale farming with bye-laws and district and national policies on land tenure, agriculture, and environmental conservation, to ensure that climate-smart agriculture is to be successful.

Based on the pilot project findings as well as on a national workshop, the work continues in Tanzania. The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries especially developed a CSA Guideline to inform on mainstreaming climate change adaptation and mitigation objectives within agriculture development, through the implementation of the CSA approach.


Climate-Smart Agriculture Guideline to inform CSA implementation and scaling-up in the United Republic of Tanzania

One of the concrete outcomes of the work is the Climate-smart Agriculture Guideline for the United Republic of Tanzania, developed by the MALF with support from FAO. The guideline serves several purposes, including to guide identification of suitable technologies and practices for successful implementation of CSA; to guide in identification of approaches and key requirements for successful CSA implementation; and to facilitate planning for implementation and up-scaling of CSA taking into consideration the agro-ecological and livelihood zones in Tanzania. The primary guideline users are the districts and extension agents, but also policy makers and the private sector engaging in agricultural related issues, practitioners such as researchers from private and public sectors, farmers and also the NGOs, CSOs and CBOs. 

For further information, please refer to:

Agriculture Climate Resilience Plan