Indigenous peoples

 The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) recommendations to FAO

In its annual sessions, the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) makes a significant number of recommendations to Member States, the UN system, international financial institutions, intergovernmental organizations, the private sector, media, civil society, and indigenous peoples organizations. This database provides information on the recommendation the UNPFII has made to FAO and an analysis on the state of implementation of recommendations made by the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.

All UNPFII recommendations are contained in the Reports of the Permanent Forum, which can be found here.

Recommendation 9 – Session 4 (2005) – Completed

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Coordination

FAO work further on the development of cultural indicators for identifying priorities and criteria and methodologies for the right to food and food security, with the participation of Indigenous Peoples, taking into account the protection and restoration of Indigenous Peoples' traditional food systems and their agrobiodiversity and associated traditional knowledge and livelihoods.

32

The FAO Focal Points Network on Indigenous Issues and the Livelihoods Support Program initiated an internal participatory process for the formulation of a framework towards the elaboration of an FAO policy and strategy on Indigenous Peoples. The formulation process was undertaken in collaboration with members of the Permanent Forum. The draft document was discussed at a seminar/presentation at FAO in December 2005, with the participation of FAO staff, Permanent Forum members and staff from the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

 

Recommendation 11 - Session 4 (2005) – Ongoing activities

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Indicators for food security

FAO work further on the development of cultural indicators for identifying priorities and criteria and methodologies for the right to food and food security, with the participation of Indigenous Peoples, taking into account the protection and restoration of Indigenous Peoples' traditional food systems and their agrobiodiversity and associated traditional knowledge and livelihoods.

34

Building on the work on cultural indicators initiated in 2002 in collaboration with the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC), the Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development Initiative is supporting Indigenous Peoples organizations to develop a clearer and more empirical understanding of the relationship between culture and sustainable agriculture and rural development. In particular, it is working with IITC to develop a paper on the role of culture in SARD focusing on Indigenous Peoples and their communities, cultural dimensions of agricultural and food systems and the role of culture in sustainable livelihoods and in Indigenous concepts of poverty and well-being. Pending availability of funding, two parallel processes are envisaged for ensuring both Indigenous Peoples' and UN agencies' participation and contributions to the paper and for addressing the concerns that the paper raises through the work of these organizations. This work is expected to strengthen Indigenous Peoples' efforts to influence policies and development programs that affect their traditional food and agricultural systems. It is also expected to identify some practical entry points, tools and indicators that can be used to foster more culturally appropriate agriculture and rural development interventions.

 

Recommendation 14 – Session 6 (2007) – Ongoing activities

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)

Urges FAO and WFP to ensure that all interventions by those organizations aimed at reducing this problem in Indigenous communities are based on assessments of the structural causes of the problem, including access to land and availability of natural resources. Moreover, methods of interventions should be sensitive to the social fabric and respectful of Indigenous Peoples’ models of development.

64

In partnership with other organizations of development, implemented 12 case studies around the world that were organized by the Centre for Indigenous Peoples’ Nutrition and Environment at McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Leaders of communities of Indigenous Peoples and academic partners have collaborated in the documentation of Indigenous food systems and participated in the implementation of health-promotion interventions, using culturally sensitive and environmentally relevant elements found in local food systems.

 

Recommendation 17 – Session 7 (2008) – Ongoing activities

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Encourages FAO and other relevant agencies to favour and promote in member countries the acknowledgement and improvement of land tenure legal frameworks to recognize Indigenous Peoples’ land rights. The Forum recommends that FAO and other relevant United Nations agencies support activities for participatory delimitation and titling where the legal framework recognizes Indigenous land rights. FAO should pay special attention to Indigenous Peoples’ customary laws regarding land. FAO and other relevant United Nations agencies support activities for participatory delimitation and titling.

69

FAO is committed to promoting the recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ land rights and the improvement of supporting legal frameworks. This is being done by strengthening work related to participatory delimitation, titling and resources management addressing Indigenous Peoples’ specific needs and taking into consideration the importance of customary laws on land. Integrating Indigenous Peoples’ cosmovisions within national administrative and legal structures represents a significant challenge. FAO has tested and implemented a participatory land delimitation approach in a number of countries, such as Mozambique, Angola, Chile and Guinea Bissau, identifying key elements such as trust building, dialogue, negotiation, and agreement with inhabitants through a validation process in the context of spatial recognition. These activities go hand in hand with policy and legislative dialogues with concerned governments in order to better adapt and implement the existing framework. Supported by the UNPFII and recognizing that land is a contentious subject which must be treated with great sensitivity, FAO is continuing to elaborate improved methodologies through a participatory approach to field implementation and normative elaboration. The approach that FAO intends to follow is an inclusive one, based on dialogue and collaborative actions among governments and IP constituencies.

 

Recommendation 22 – Session 9 (2010) – Ongoing activities

Paragraph No.

Focus area: Indigenous women

Recommends that States, United Nations agencies, financial institutions and donors promote and support development processes led and carried out by Indigenous women’s organizations, in accordance with articles 3 and 32 of the Declaration, for instance, leadership and capacity-building schools and the creation of funds managed by Indigenous women.

33

FAO is commited to working with Indigenous Peoples, especially, Indigenous youth and Indigenoud Womer. It would be pertinent to report on Global Campaign for the Empowerment of Indigenous Women for Zero Hunger, Global Leadership School for Indigenous Women, and Share your data initiative.     

 

Recommendation 25 – Session 11 (2012) – Ongoing activities

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Welcomes the recent adoption of the FAO voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests in the context of national food security. The Permanent Forum recommends that FAO establish partnerships with Indigenous Peoples to implement the policy and guidelines with the aim of promoting secure tenure rights and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests as a means of eradicating hunger and poverty, supporting sustainable development and enhancing the environment.

60

It would be pertinent to report on the capacity building with indigenous peoples, governments and other stakeholders regarding VGGTs. Since this one and recommendation from session 10 -paragraph 24 are alike, they could be addressed together

 

Recommendation 32 – Session 14 (2015) - Completed

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Advocacy

The Permanent Forum recommends that FAO, in coordination with Indigenous Peoples, organize training and other capacity-building development, as well as establish mechanisms for engagement such as working groups and appropriate representation of Indigenous Peoples in relevant instruments and bodies of FAO, and provide a progress report on those activities to the Forum at its fifteenth session.

27

FAO’s report to the Permanent Forum’s fifteenth session provides information on their training and capacity building activities, targeting Indigenous Peoples. These include: i) two regional capacity development programmes on the Voluntary Guidelines of Responsible Governance of the Tenure of Land, Natural Resources and Fisheries (VGGTs) in Central America (Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala) and Asia (India and Indonesia). ii) four National capacity development programmes for Indigenous Women Leadership and empowerment together with FIMI (India and Bolivia (2015) and Peru, The Philippines, Paraguay, Panama and El Salvador (2016). The two regional capacity development programmes focused at the Voluntary Guidelines of Responsible Governance of the Tenure of Land, Natural Resources and Fisheries (VGGTs) in Central America and Asia. The two regional capacity development programmes were co-organized with Indigenous Peoples’ organizations at the regional and national levels. • In February 2015, Indigenous Peoples’ representatives coming from the seven sociocultural regions of the World met in Rome with FAO senior management and experts from the different technical divisions to jointly agree on a four-year working plan. An informal caucus of seven Indigenous Peoples agreed to monitor the implementation of this joint plan. • In 2015 for the first time in FAO, an Indigenous Peoples’ organization became a member of the Steering Committee for the International Year of Soils, thus bringing the expertise and views of Indigenous Peoples in soil management and soil creation. The Civil Society Mechanism representing the voices of different caucuses in the World Committee of Food Security, appointed two Indigenous Peoples as members of the Advisory group.

 

Recommendation 36 – Session 17 (2018) – Completed

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Recommends that FAO create a technical working group on the collective rights of Indigenous Peoples to lands, territories and resources, which will provide technical outputs and publications informing Indigenous Peoples and the Forum.

111

In 2018, FAO funded and provided technical assistance to several initiatives regarding the implementation of the VGGT at country level (details available in the following sections). Regarding recommendation 111 on the establishment of a technical working group on the collective rights of Indigenous Peoples to lands, territories and resources, FAO will look into this over the coming months. The technical working group will work closely with the FAO Inter-departmental Working Group on VGGT and the FAO Indigenous Peoples Team.

 

Recommendation 37 – Session 17 (2018) – Completed

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Coordination

Requests FAO to enhance the participation of Indigenous Peoples and representatives from the Forum in the work of the Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on Forestry, the Committee on Fisheries, the Committee on World Food Security and the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. (2018)

112

During the Committee on World Food Security 45 (CFS 45) in October 2018, FAO together with partner organizations organized a side event on Indigenous Peoples’ communal access to land. This event - which featured representatives from FAO, the Permanent Forum, the CFS, the Government of Iran, FILAC, Ekta Parishad, IFAD, RMI and RRI - provided an overview of the status of Indigenous Peoples' collective rights to land, territories and resources, with particular focus on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and the VGGT, as well as to regional experiences. The event had a high level of participation and contributed to inform CFS participants regarding Indigenous Peoples’ collective rights to land, territories and resources. In November 2018 and within the frame of the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition and in the context of the 2019 International Year on Indigenous Languages, FAO with partner organizations - including FILAC, UNPFII, UNESCO, DOCIP - organised a High-Level Expert Seminar on Indigenous Food Systems, gathering in FAO HQ more than 200 participants and Indigenous representatives from across the world, including 70 Indigenous Peoples’ food systems experts. http://www.fao.org/Indigenous-Peoples/ifs-seminar/en/  FAO is planning to continue engagement and support to Indigenous Peoples and countries on the implementation of the VGGT in 2019. In the context of recommendation 112 the following initiatives were supported: - The establishment of a dedicated space to present the Global Campaign on the Empowerment of Indigenous Women for Zero Hunger and of the #VioletChair initiative during the Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on Forestry, the Committee on Fisheries, the Committee on World Food Security. http://www.fao.org/Indigenous-Peoples/Indigenous-women-campaign/en/  - The participation of the Permanent Forum and of Indigenous representatives during the Committee on World Food Security. In particular, Indigenous Peoples play a critical role in the context of the Civil Society Mechanism.

 

Recommendation 38 – Session 18 (2019) – Ongoing activities

Paragraph No.

Pillars of work: Indigenous youth, Indigenous women, Indigenous Peoples’ food systems

Welcomes the results of the 2018 High-level Expert Seminar on Indigenous Food Systems, in particular the creation of an online global hub on Indigenous food systems, and would like to recommend that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) continue work on: (a) Indigenous young people towards the creation of a forum on Indigenous young people in the coming years; (b) Indigenous food systems, in particular in relation to the links with traditional knowledge, climate change and the respect of Indigenous Peoples’ rights to their lands, territories and resources; (c) Indigenous women (the global campaign on Indigenous women and the leadership and food security schools for Indigenous women).

90

In 2018, FAO funded and provided technical assistance to several initiatives regarding the implementation of the VGGT at country level (details available in the following sections). Regarding recommendation 111 on the establishment of a technical working group on the collective rights of Indigenous Peoples to lands, territories and resources, FAO will look into this over the coming months. The technical working group will work closely with the FAO Inter-departmental Working Group on VGGT and the FAO Indigenous Peoples Team.