FAO in Lao People's Democratic Republic


 The results of this study confirm the continuing structural transformation of the Lao rice sector which started a decade ago. To some extent, the sector transformation is being led by inter-related factors not strictly related to government rice sector policies, including: (i) continued GDP growth led by mineral and hydropower exports; (ii) increasing job opportunities in the non-tradables, non-agricultural sector, and in neighbouring countries, associated with increasing incomes; (iii) increasing shortages of farm labour and an ageing farm population; (iv) increasing urbanization and related changes in food consumption patterns; and (v) stabilization of aggregate national rice consumption as a result of a declining population growth rate and gradual diversification of diets away from rice as a source of protein.
This working glossary in Lao and English is a compendium of more than 150 terms related to food and nutrition security with the purpose of providing simple and easy to understand definitions of key technical terms. This publication is part of the EC-FAO Food Security Programme on Linking Information and Decision-Making to improve Food Security in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar.
This publication presents the highlights of the Lao Census of Agriculture 2010/11, featuring commentary and graphical presentations, as well as some summary tables.The Lao Census of Agriculture 2010/11 was the second agricultural census undertaken in Lao PDR; the first was conducted in 1999. The 2010/11Census covered all Lao PDR's 143 districts. It presents data on rural infraestructure and services, crops and livestock and agricultural production, and is divided in three compononents: village, household and sample farm household. Data collection was undertaken in March 2011. Crop data were collected in respect of the 2010 wet season and the 2010/11 dry season.
The guidelines are the first comprehensive, global instrument on tenure and its administration to be prepared through intergovernmental negotiations. The guidelines set out principles and internationally accepted standards of responsible practices for the use and control of land, fisheries and forests. They provide guidance for improving the policy, legal and organizational frameworks that regulate tenure rights; for enhancing the transparency and administration of tenure systems; and for strengthening the capacities and operations of public bodies, private sector enterprises, civil society organizations and people concerned with tenure and its governance. The guidelines place the governance of tenure within the context of national food security, and are intended to contribute to the progressive realization of the right to adequate food, poverty eradication, environmental protection and sustainable social and economic development.
This report presents a trend analysis of food security based on food consumption data derived from the 2002/3 and 2007/8 Lao PDR Expenditure and Consumption  Surveys (LECS). Covering more than 8,000 households in 518 villages nationwide, the LECS is a key source of information for both government and its development partners alike. Using the Food Security Statistics Module (FSSM) developed by FAO, key trends in undernourishment, dietary energy deficit, inequality of access, dietary composition and macro-nutrient consumption are summarized. Data are presented by income quintiles, size of household,urban and rural areas, and for both male and female headed households,as applicable.
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