Asia and the Pacific

Flickr/!paddy

 

Extending across South and Southeast Asia and encompassing mountain ranges in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, the Hindu Kush Himalayan region is known as the ‘Third Pole’ due to its gigantic masses of ice and snow. The Hindu Kush Himalaya alone is the source of ten major river systems, and downstream 1.4 billion people – one fifth of the worlds’ population – depend on vital ecosystem goods and services from the mountain range, including water, food and energy. 

Climate change poses significant risks to people in the Hindu Kush Himalaya, where high altitudes have experienced serious warming, which in some areas is three to five times greater than the global average. In general, snow and glaciers are melting, and there has been an increase in the number of extreme events such as floods and droughts, which in turn exacerbate poverty and food insecurity. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayas – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan – and based in Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Asia’s mountains extend across Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan where the majority of mountain communities make a living by cultivating cereals and vegetables, collecting forest products and grazing livestock on a wide range of pastures. Almost 90 percent of the population of Central Asia relies on water that falls in the mountains.  However, global warming is melting mountain glaciers and affecting snow reserves. Tensions between highland and lowland countries often centre on the issues of energy accessibility and water usage.

Mountains elsewhere in Southeast Asia and the Pacific are particularly rich in biodiversity, but are often incorporated within national policies and programmes for forests and other natural resources. As a result, indigenous mountain peoples in the region who have time-tested skills in conserving tropical mountain ecosystems have mostly remained marginalized and excluded from development processes, receiving limited benefits from the forest, water and mineral resources that the mountains hold.

Latest news from the region

Agritourism promotes food traditions in Palau

Agritourism promotes food traditions in Palau

10.06.2022

Rose Ongalibong shows off the pinkish-purple powder in a small bag. "It's taro flour," explains the genial retiree at her home on Palau's largest island, Babeldaob.

With its distinctive heart-shaped leaves,...

Read More »
Residents participate in workshop, plant 300 trees in mountainous Kukhi village, Tajikistan

Residents participate in workshop, plant 300 trees in mountainous Kukhi village, Tajikistan

20.05.2022

On 22-23 April 2022, the team of Little Earth – a Mountain Partnership member organization – implemented two events within the framework of the project “Renewable energy and remote...

Read More »
Coffee boosts livelihoods and protects slopes in the Philippine Cordillera

Coffee boosts livelihoods and protects slopes in the Philippine Cordillera

13.05.2022

What is the first thing you do when you wake up in the morning? For many, the answer would be: get up and make yourself a fresh cup of coffee....

Read More »
Eight professionals receive Pakistan Mountains Pride Award

Eight professionals receive Pakistan Mountains Pride Award

25.04.2022

Eight professionals have been awarded the Pakistan Mountains Pride Award (PAMPA) for their service to mountain communities and dedication to conservation and sustainable mountain development.

Mountain Partnership member Development Communications...

Read More »

Events in the region

Eastern Himalayan Naturenomics Forum 2019

Eastern Himalayan Naturenomics Forum 2019

Venue: Assam, India
From: 05.11.2019 to: 06.11.2019

The Balipara foundation will be presenting the Eastern Himalayan Naturenomics Forum 2018, Rural Futures: Nature Capital towards Universal Basic Assets. The Forum will take place from 5-6 November in...

Read More »
Himalayan Environmental Education and Policy conference

Himalayan Environmental Education and Policy conference

Venue: Uttarakhand, India
From: 29.11.2018 to: 02.12.2018

The Himalayan Environmental Education and Policy conference will bring together 15 leading scholars who have studied the Himalayan environment from a broad range of disciplinary perspectives including the humanities, social sciences,...

Read More »
Eastern Himalayan Naturenomics Forum

Eastern Himalayan Naturenomics Forum

Venue: Guwahati, Assam, India
From: 01.11.2018 to: 02.11.2018

The Balipara Foundation will be presenting the Eastern Himalayan Naturenomics Forum 2018, Rural Futures: towards Social - Environmental - Economic interdependence. It will be a participatory gathering to...

Read More »
International Conference on Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

International Conference on Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

Venue: Melbourne, Australia
From: 26.07.2018 to: 27.07.2018

The second International Conference on Natural Hazards and Disaster Management will be held under the theme “Significance of Early Warning Systems and Risk Management Strategies”. The two-day conference will consist...

Read More »
Home > mountain-partnership > Regions > Asia and the Pacific