Near East and North Africa

Flickr/El Guanche


In possibly the most arid region of the world, people and ecosystems in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) depend on the water provided by mountains more than others.

Not only does water from the mountains supply growing urban centers and agricultural production in the adjacent lowlands, but production of food and timber for construction and energy often only occurs at higher altitudes.

Likewise, mountains in the region are hotspots of biodiversity, that together with cultural heritage attract an increasing number of tourists travelling to the mountains for adventure and leisure. Mountains also provide shelter from the heat during summer months, and transhumance in mountains is a common approach to livestock management in the region.

Most global and regional models predict that the NENA region will be particularly affected by climate change, as the region is one of the most water stressed in the world, and food security systems and ecosystems are highly dependent on an already erratic and dry climate. The most significant impacts of climate change in the region will include: water resource stress, crop productivity decrease, migration pressures and an increased frequency of floods and landslides.

Latest news from the region

Italy’s tourism forum at Expo Dubai explores sustainable mountain tourism

Italy’s tourism forum at Expo Dubai explores sustainable mountain tourism

04.02.2022

"For tourism in mountains to be sustainable, we need training and responsible investments and to strengthen public-private partnerships," said Rosalaura Romeo, Mountain Partnership Secretariat, at Expo 2020 Dubai.

Hosted by the...

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Bringing positive change to mountain people and global environments on International Mountain Day

Bringing positive change to mountain people and global environments on International Mountain Day

13.12.2021

Covering around 27 percent of the earth's land surface and home to 15 percent of the global population, mountains play a critical role in moving the world towards sustainable economic...

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University of Milan launches mountain education manifesto at Expo 2020 Dubai

University of Milan launches mountain education manifesto at Expo 2020 Dubai

14.10.2021

The University of Milan’s UNIMONT Centre launched a youth-centred manifesto for the promotion of a sustainable and lively future in mountain areas globally at Expo 2020 Dubai.

The Mountain Education...

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FAO Director-General calls for action for mountains at Expo 2020 Dubai

FAO Director-General calls for action for mountains at Expo 2020 Dubai

07.10.2021

Urgent action is needed to prioritise mountain ecosystems in order to protect them from the current climate crisis and empower mountain people to build resilient livelihoods, FAO Director-General QU Dongyu...

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Events in the region

Convention on Biodiversity (COP14) and Global Islands Partnership side-events

Convention on Biodiversity (COP14) and Global Islands Partnership side-events

Venue: Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt
From: 20.11.2018 to: 22.11.2018

The United Nations Biodiversity Conference (COP14) will be held from 13 - 29 November 2018 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The United Nations will call on decision makers from more than 190...

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UNFCCC COP22 and Mountain Partnership side events

UNFCCC COP22 and Mountain Partnership side events

Venue: Marrakech, Morocco
From: 07.11.2016 to: 18.11.2016

At the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP22), also known as the Marrakech Climate Change Conference, on 7-18 November 2016,...

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Hiking the Lebanon Mountain Trail

Hiking the Lebanon Mountain Trail

Venue: Lebanon
From: 01.04.2016 to: 30.04.2016

Lebanon Mountain Trail Association (LMTA) is organizing the eighth edition of its annual month-long walk to promote the importance of food heritage. The 470-km walk comprises one...

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Symposium on Oman Mountains: Environment & Agriculture

Symposium on Oman Mountains: Environment & Agriculture

Venue: Muscat, Oman
From: 21.12.2014 to: 21.12.2014

Building on the 2008 Mountains of the World Conference, Sultan Qaboos University is organizing a symposium on mountains of Oman aiming to bring together scientists, development practitioners, policy...

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