South America

Flickr/Trey Ratcliff

 

No other continent is dominated by mountains as much as South America. Most countries in the region are mountainous. Not only do all the major rivers like the Amazon originate in the Andes, but this vast mountain range also shapes landscapes - deserts and rainforests alike.

Some 85 million people live in the Andes, while at least a further 20 million people are also dependent on mountain resources and ecosystem services in the large cities along the Pacific coast of South America. The Andes play a vital part in national economies yet some of the region’s poorest areas are located in the mountains.

While water is one of the key management challenges in the region, other aspects are equally relevant, not least migration from the mountains to urban centers. Traditional knowledge in the region may no longer suffice to cope with extreme climate events, posing a serious risk to the livelihoods of many. To achieve sustainable development, policy action is required regarding the protection of water resources, responsible mining practices, adaptation to climate change practices and mechanisms to generate and use knowledge for sound decision making.

 

Transboundary cooperation to promote sustainable mountain development is increasing as Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru form a pro-Andes regional mechanism.

Latest news from the region

MP member wins sustainable fashion award

MP member wins sustainable fashion award

02.02.2022

Mountain Partnership member Illa Biodiversidad y Desarrollo SAC is one of the winners of the 2022 Common Objective (CO) Leadership Award in sustainable fashion.

The CO Leadership Awards celebrate ambition...

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CONDESAN hosts first Latin American edition of IPROMO

CONDESAN hosts first Latin American edition of IPROMO

12.08.2021

The first ever Latin American edition of the IPROMO training programme, “IPROMO Latinoamericano”, closed on 1 June 2021. Held under the theme "Sustainable management of socio-ecosystems in the Andes", the...

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Standard for biodiversity management open for public consultation

Standard for biodiversity management open for public consultation

03.06.2021

ProClima and South Pole are joining forces to provide tools for biodiversity management that will be applicable to the conservation of mountain ecosystems. They invite Mountain Partnership members to participate...

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A wild Andean blueberry boosts livelihoods in Peru

A wild Andean blueberry boosts livelihoods in Peru

28.05.2021

The Callejón de Conchucos is a set of valleys located above 3 000 metres running along the eastern slope of the Cordillera Blanca in Ancash, Peru. Remote villages and archaeological...

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Events in the region

International Congress on Climate Change and its Impacts

International Congress on Climate Change and its Impacts

Venue: Huaraz, Peru
From: 29.11.2017 to: 01.12.2017

Evidence shows that Earth’s climate is rapidly changing and its impacts are affecting the whole planet. Nonetheless, the mechanisms and processes of such changes, as well as the planet´s future...

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8th International Meeting of Rural Andean Peoples

8th International Meeting of Rural Andean Peoples

Venue: San Pedro de Atacama, Chile
From: 12.10.2017 to: 15.10.2017

The eighth International Meeting of Rural Andean Peoples will be held in San Pedro De Atacama, Chile on 12-15 October 2017. Organized by the village of Lickanantay, Red...

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International Congress of Highlands and Mountain Ecosystems

International Congress of Highlands and Mountain Ecosystems

Venue: Bogotá, Colombia
From: 12.07.2017 to: 14.07.2017

On 12-14 July 2017, the International Congress of Highlands and Mountain Ecosystems, "Towards a regional vision of the Andes mountains", will be held in Bogotá, Colombia. The Congress will be...

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International Glacier and Mountain Ecosystems Forum

International Glacier and Mountain Ecosystems Forum

Venue: Huaraz, Ancash, Peru
From: 10.08.2016 to: 13.08.2016

The International Glacier and Mountain Ecosystems Forum is an event that seeks to exchange experiences and knowledge about glaciers and mountain ecosystems, promoting opportunities for cooperation between public institutions, civil...

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