Food-based dietary guidelines

Official name

Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for School-Aged Children in Cambodia


Publication year

Cambodia published its dietary guidelines for schoolchildren in 2017.

Process and stakeholders

The Guidelines were developed by the Ministry of Health with the participation of representatives from relevant government agencies, international organizations and non-governmental organizations. The development process started with a nationwide food consumption survey which targeted 136 schools and was carried out with technical assistance from the Foundation for International Development/Relief (FIDR).

The guidelines have been endorsed by the Ministry of Health and the IEC materials have been approved by the School Health Department, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.

Intended audience

The guidelines are aimed at school-aged children from 6 to 17 years.

Food guide

The Cambodian food pyramid is designed in the shape of Angkor Wat, divided into six food groups based on the recommended proportions. The condiments on the top are recommended for sparse consumption. Food items in the pyramid are selected from the most common foods that are consumed by the children who were surveyed. The graphics were sketched by young Cambodian artists.


  • Eat foods from all food groups everyday as part of a well-balanced diet
  • Consume calcium-rich foods such as whole small fish, milk, and milk products
  • Eat protein-rich foods such as fish, meat, eggs or beans at least 2 to 3 times a day
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables regularly
  • Eat cereals and starchy foods such as rice, noodles, bread and its alternatives in an adequate amount
  • Reduce foods high in salt, sugar and fat
  • Measure your body weight and height regularly to track your growth