Food-based dietary guidelines

Food-based dietary guidelines - Saint Kitts and Nevis

Official name

Food-based dietary guidelines for St. Kitts and Nevis.

Publication year

Saint Kitts and Nevis launched its food-based dietary guidelines in 2010.

Process and stakeholders

The guidelines were developed by a national interdisciplinary group comprised of representatives from the Ministries of Health, Education, Agriculture, Commerce and Consumer Affairs, and the Chambers of Industry and Commerce.

They are endorsed by the Ministry of Health.

Intended audience

The guidelines are directed at the healthy population over 2 years of age.

Food guide

Saint Kitts and Nevis portrays the messages of its guidelines using the ‘sugar mill’, which is a historic emblem for the country. The walls of the ‘sugar mill’ are made up of seven food groups, which starting at the bottom are: vegetables and fruits; fats and oils; sugars and sweeteners; food from animals; peas, beans and nuts; starchy foods. The size of the food groups is proportional to their recommended intake. Outside of the ‘sugar mill’ people do physical activity.


  • Every day, choose foods from each of the groups (shown on the mill).
  • Limit the use of foods and drinks with added salt and sugar.
  • Use less fats and oils when preparing and cooking foods.
  • Eat different types of fruits every day.
  • Eat a variety of vegetables daily.
  • Use less salty and processed foods.
  • If you use alcohol, do so sparingly.
  • Be physically active, and exercise for at least 30 minutes each day.