Pest and Pesticide Management

FAO's work on HPPs

FAO has supported several national and regional programmes to tackle HHPs in Africa, Caribbean, Latin America, South East Asia and Pacific.


  • Botswana, Cameroon, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe are following the process of of identification, risk assessment and risk mitigation of HHPs.
  • In East and Southern Africa, regional strategies in addressing HHPs have been drafted. 
  • In West and Central Africa work is ongoing to identify and phase out HHPs in some CILSS countries.

Caribbean and Latin America

  • 299 HHPs products out of more than 2873 registered pesticides in Antigua & Barbuda; Dominican Republic; Dominica; Guyana; St Lucia; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, St Kitts & Nevis and St Vincent Grenadines have been identified.
  • Capacity building programmes are ongoing in 11 islands, as well as cooperation with academia and civil society on alternatives to HHPs.
  • In St Lucia under ACP MEAs 3 a review and update of criteria and protocols for control of pesticides imports into Saint Lucia is in preparation.
  • Ecuador has reviewed more than 2000 registered pesticide formulations to determine if they meet the criteria for HHPs.
  • In Bolivia, a baseline identification of HHPs has been carried out.

South East Asia

  • In China, the risk assessment and phasing out process has  started, and  collaboration with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) on risk assessment and training organized.
  • In Myanmar, the identification process identified HHPs in use and discussions are ongoing on measures to reduce the risks of these pesticides. 
  • FAO has supported national authorities in Cook Islands, Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands and Tonga to identify and promote alternatives to HHPs.
  • A two-year technical cooperation project is ongoing to promote ecologically-based alternatives to HHPs to enhance food safety and security in the Pacific region
  • FAO and the Secretariat for the Pacific Islands (SPC) are working on the establishment of the Pacific Regional Pesticide Registration Scheme.