International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

BSF Project - Second Cycle

Use of genetic resources to establish a multi-country program of evolutionary participatory plant breeding
FARMERS’ KNOWLEDGE IS BEING USED TO support and strengthen national participatory plant breeding programs (PPB) and to start new programs of evolutionary participatory plant breeding (EPPB) in Iran and Jordan by developing locally-adapted varieties  of  wheat,  barley, rice and maize while enhancing biodiversity within and among farmers. Particular attention is being paid during this BSF project to gender-differentiated knowledge of local landraces and cultivation practices. A strategy for facilitating women’s access to and control over seeds is also being tested and monitored. By pro-actively involving women farmers, this project endeavors to empower those who are traditionally in-charge of agronomic practices and entitle them to access and manage relevant PGRFA on a more equitable basis. NCARE and CENESTA are working to adapt local crops to climate change and thus, to mitigate its impact on food security from a gender sensitive perspective. This BSF project works with farmers to help them cope with climate change and the impact this has on their lives and their food security. It does this by strengthening their agricultural means with solutions such as PPB and EPPB and by using traditional varieties that were lost in previous decades.  Activities include the choice of germplasm, participatory trials in 22 villages, evaluation and selection of varieties that are stable in relation to environmental changes and present preferable traits, multiplication and collection. Subsequent base broadening activities will allow farmers to produce specifically adapted improved varieties, thus contributing to increasing the sustainability of their agricultural systems. The project is also contributing to building capacities and skills of national breeding institutes and NGO practitioners in participatory and gender sensitive breeding methodologies, and providing them with a pool of genetic material for further improvement. This will ensure that project outcomes will be sustained over time and have a multiplier effect in other regions of the two countries.
Barley, Maize, Rice, Wheat
Window 2 - Immediate action projects
Region: Near East
Target Countries: Iran (Islamic Republic of), Jordan
Implementing institution: National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE), Jordan; & Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA), Iran

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