Plateforme technique sur l’évaluation et la réduction des pertes et du gaspillage alimentaires

Appropriate Seed and Grain Storage Systems for Small-scale Farmers

The southern Africa region is vulnerable to a diverse array of hazards, largely linked to environmental causes (such as drought, cyclones and floods); human, animal and plant dis- eases and pests; economic shocks; and in some areas socio-political unrest and insecurity, among others. The region’s risk profile is evolving, with new factors becoming gradually more prominent, including a trend towards increased urbanization, migration and mobility, among others. Natural hazards will be progressively more influenced by trends in climate change. Disasters in the region are often composite and recurrent, and have a dramatic impact on liveli- hoods and on southern African countries’ economy and environ- ment, often undermining growth and hard-won development gains. Increasing the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises con- stitutes one of the Strategic Objectives of FAO’s Strategic Framework (Strategic Objective 5, or SO5). FAO specifically aims at building resil- ience as it relates to agriculture and food and nutrition security, which are among the sectors most severely affected by natural hazards. The impact of shocks and disasters can be mitigated and recovery can be greatly facilitated if appropriate agricultural practices are put in place; improving the capacity of communities, local authorities and other stakeholders is therefore central to resilience building.

Together with partners, FAO is undertaking intensive work in southern Africa to consolidate the resilience of hazard-prone com- munities; this is leading to an improved knowledge base and to documentation of good practices. This toolkit purports to dissemi- nate improved methods and technologies on key aspects of agricul- ture, such as appropriate seed varieties, irrigation, storage systems, land and water use and Farmer Field Schools, in the hope that they may serve different stakeholders to improve their resilience-building efforts. A multi-sectoral approach and solid partnerships are seen as key to the success of resilience-building work. For this reason, this toolkit also includes non-agricultural aspects of good resilience practices, contributed by FAO partners: the UN-OCHA, UN-HABITAT and COOPI, which certainly strengthen this collection.

Year: 2014
Author: FAO