Portail de l'appui aux politiques et de la gouvernance

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Report

2016

Rwanda. Socio-economic context and role of agriculture. Country fact sheet on food and agriculture policy trends

Rwanda has made remarkable progress since the 1994 genocide, which severely impoverished the population, particularly in delivering education and health services to the poor. The proportion of people suffering from hunger has been halved and the progress toward reducing under-nourishment has been commendable. However, 44 percent of Rwandans still live under the national poverty line.

Report

2016

Mozambique. Socio-economic context and role of agriculture. Country fact sheet on food and agriculture policy trends.

Mozambique’s general policy frameworks like the Government’s Five-year Plan (PQG) and the Strategic Plan for Agricultural Sector Development (PEDSA) set specific objectives like establishing legal frameworks and policies that are conducive to agriculture growth and investment. So far, the agricultural policy has been focusing on transforming the sector, shifting production away from mainly subsistence activities. 

Case study

2016

Mongolia. A review of the agricultural research and extension system. FAO Investment Centre

The importance of agriculture to Mongolia’s economy, and to its rural economy in particular, makes sustainable agricultural development a national priority. The transition from collective socialism to a market economy in the 1990s nearly caused the collapse of the entire agriculture sector. Since privatization, the number of livestock animals, mainly sheep and goats, has increased dramatically, reaching 45.1 million in 2012. This growth in both livestock and crop production was enabled by several factors. Yet investment in research and extension remains very low. Without sufficient government backing for research and development, extension services and veterinarians, information about weather and prices [...]

Case study

2016

Morocco. Monitoring adoption of key sustainable climate technologies in the agrifood sector. FAO Investment Centre

Climate change plays an increasingly important role in the international debate on food security. While the key concern is on how climate change can impact world food security: how to meet the food needs of a world population reaching 9.5 billion people under climate uncertainty, the agrifood sector is also increasingly under scrutiny to increase its contribution to climate change mitigation efforts. This is not surprising since worldwide, the agrifood chain (including agriculture as well as food processing, distribution, retail and utilisation) contributes to over 20 percent of total GHG emissions (excluding land use emissions).

Case study

2016

Innover pour des mécanismes inclusifs de financement agricole et d’atténuation des risques. L’exemple de Tamwil El Fellah au Maroc

Le Plan Maroc Vert du Gouvernement du Maroc souligne le rôle important de l’agriculture etdéfinit des stratégies visant à promouvoir le développement de ce secteur en y attirant desinvestissements nationaux et internationaux et en organisant les acteurs privés en chaînes devaleur concurrentielles et rentables. Malgré ces efforts, cependant, de grands défis restent à relever. L’un des principauxconcerne la disponibilité de services financiers pour les acteurs ruraux de l’agriculture. Lecapital moyen nécessaire chaque année pour financer l'agriculture est estimé à 30 milliardsde Dirhams. Les finances du secteur bancaire marocain représente seulement 17 pour cent decette demande et le Crédit Agricole du Maroc [...]

Case study

2016

Estrategias innovadoras de gestión de riesgos en mercados financieros rurales y agropecuarios. Experiencias en América Latina

El presente estudio aporta un marco analítico que describe las principales barreras a la inversión y financiación agropecuaria, las cuales se pueden agregar en la gestión de riesgos financieros, de producción, mercadeo, climáticos e institucionales, y en modelos de negocio que reduzcan costos de transacción para brindar de manera viable productos mejor adaptados a las necesidades de una diversidad de clientes rurales. A su vez, se presenta cómo las tendencias en los mercados agropecuarios han influenciado en la región latinoamericana el sistema financiero rural en general, y el sistema financiero agropecuario en particular, sugiriendo un auge en modelos de negocio [...]

Tool

2016

Tool for Designing, Monitoring and Evaluation Land Administration Programmes in Latin America

The main focus of this tool is to provide methodological and instrumental frameworks for assessment of the impact of LAPs on Land Administration Institutions (LAI) and their users (module 2), territorial entities such as indigenous communities and territories (module 3) and households directly benefiting from the programmes (module 4). It also contains information for the Fiscal, Financial and Economic Analysis of LAPs (module 5). See the introduction of the LAP tool.

Case study

2016

Ukraine. Water Along the Food Chain. Country Highlights. FAO Investment Centre

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), through its Investment Centre (IC) Division, is assisting the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in its goal to improve the impact of future EBRD agribusiness investments regarding water efficiency. To this end, in 2013, a joint FAO/EBRD project entitled “Water along the food chain” was initiated in four pilot countries – Ukraine, Turkey, Jordan and Kyrgyz Republic. The specific objectives of this project are four-fold: (i) conduct selected analyses of water efficiency along the food chain to inform EBRD’s agribusiness investment decisions; (ii) identify potential agribusiness clients for [...]

Tool

2016

Promoting Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems. Guide to Assess National Regulatory Frameworks Affecting Larger‐Scale Private Investments. FAO Legal Papers No. 101

Incentives and capacities to invest responsibly are significantly affected by the presence of an enabling environment, including supporting policies, laws and institutions. Governments have requested international guidance on the kind of enabling environment needed to attract and secure responsible agricultural investments at the national level. Many other stakeholders, including civil society and the private sector, also seek guidance to design their own strategies to promote responsible investments in agriculture and food systems. While international instruments are an important reference for the CFS‐RAI, implementation and enforcement will be predominantly at the national level, through domestic policies that are aligned with supporting legislation and institutions. A legal and institutional review [...]

Case study

2016

Maroc. Étude du secteur des oléagineux. Centre d'Investissement de la FAO

Cette étude conjointe de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et de la Banque européenne pour la reconstruction et le développement (BERD) examine le secteur des oléagineux au Maroc. Elle a pour objectif d’identifier différentes options pour appuyer le développement du secteur, notamment en matière de politique agricole. L’analyse repose sur un ensemble de données quantitatives et qualitatives, provenant d’une revue de la littérature existante, d’une enquête de terrain et de l’analyse des données recueillies au cours d’entretiens avec agriculteurs, industriels et autres intervenants du secteur. L’étude examine les perspectives de production et de consommation des oléagineux au Maroc, ainsi que les politiques sectorielles et les accords commerciaux [...]