Portail de l'appui aux politiques et de la gouvernance

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Briefs

2016

Food Security and Climate Benefits through Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Agriculture

This policy brief demonstrates that Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) can enhance agricultural productivity, support food security and rural development, and at the same time reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. NAMAs can function as a mechanism for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and the achievement of a number of sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Case study

2016

Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Climate-Smart Agriculture in Smallholder Farming Systems. The Experience of the MICCA Pilot Projects in Kenya and the United Republic of Tanzania

The pilot projects of the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme of FAO in Kenya and the United Republic of Tanzania have promoted climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and have been integrated into ongoing development programmes. The objective of the pilot projects was to show that smallholder farmers can improve their livelihoods and increase their productivity and contribute to climate change mitigation at the same time. The approach was to develop packages of climate-smart agricultural practices based on participatory assessments and expert consultations, implement the selected practices using a variety of extension methods and evaluate their effects on yield, food security and their potential to reduce greenhouse [...]

Tool

2016

Promoting Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems. Guide to Assess National Regulatory Frameworks Affecting Larger‐Scale Private Investments. FAO Legal Papers No. 101

Incentives and capacities to invest responsibly are significantly affected by the presence of an enabling environment, including supporting policies, laws and institutions. Governments have requested international guidance on the kind of enabling environment needed to attract and secure responsible agricultural investments at the national level. Many other stakeholders, including civil society and the private sector, also seek guidance to design their own strategies to promote responsible investments in agriculture and food systems. While international instruments are an important reference for the CFS‐RAI, implementation and enforcement will be predominantly at the national level, through domestic policies that are aligned with supporting legislation and institutions. A legal and institutional review [...]

Case study

2016

Maroc. Étude du secteur des oléagineux. Centre d'Investissement de la FAO

Cette étude conjointe de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et de la Banque européenne pour la reconstruction et le développement (BERD) examine le secteur des oléagineux au Maroc. Elle a pour objectif d’identifier différentes options pour appuyer le développement du secteur, notamment en matière de politique agricole. L’analyse repose sur un ensemble de données quantitatives et qualitatives, provenant d’une revue de la littérature existante, d’une enquête de terrain et de l’analyse des données recueillies au cours d’entretiens avec agriculteurs, industriels et autres intervenants du secteur. L’étude examine les perspectives de production et de consommation des oléagineux au Maroc, ainsi que les politiques sectorielles et les accords commerciaux [...]

Tool

2016

Economic and Financial Analysis of Rural Investment Projects. IFAD's Internal Guidelines. Case Studies

These FAO/IFAD guidelines are designed as a sourcebook to address recurrent problems faced by practitioners to prepare Economic and Financial Analysis (EFA) during design, supervision and ex-post evaluation of projects. This volume offers practical, short and well-referenced EFA guidance notes built on actual cases from EFA of various development projects. It aims to offer methodological "hints", guidance and inspiration for EFAs of a wide array of development interventions, including: nutrition, climate-smart agriculture, natural resource management, livestock production, land tenure security, water and sanitation, rural finance, irrigation, rural roads, value chains and demand-driven investments.  The target audience comprises consultants working for governments, IFAD [...]

Report

2016

Potentials of non-Wood Forest Products for Value Chain Development, Value Addition and Development of NWFP-Based Rural Microenterprises in Sudan

Empirical evidence on the role of forests in food security, poverty reduction through income and employment generation, and addressing the challenges of climate change is increasingly being generated and documented. For the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region where forest resources are scarce and the potentials for timber production are limited, non-wood forest products (NWFPs) are becoming ever more important. Local people use these products to meet their daily needs; as a source of food, fodder and medicine, and to generate income. However, current production of NWFPs represents a small fraction of what it could actually be in most countries in [...]

Issue paper

2016

Wheat Production and Regional Food Security in CIS: The Case of Belarus, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Policy Studies on Rural Transition No. 2016-1

The main objective of the study is to produce critical projections of domestic wheat production to 2024 for Belarus, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. This will allow to answer the key question as to the limits of wheat production increases in the three countries. The main methodology of the study lies in a critical appraisal of the drivers of demand and supply for wheat in Belarus, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The first step in understanding the drivers of wheat demand and supply in these countries is to comprehend the farming system that produces wheat in these three countries. These countries are often cited as [...]

Briefs

2016

Developing the Cold Chain in the Agrifood Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. Agroindustry Policy Brief 2

This policy brief is based on the proceedings of the Regional workshop on the use of the cold chain in the development of agriculture and agroindustries in sub-Saharan Africa, organized in Yaoundé (Cameroon) in June 2012. The workshop brought together speakers from diverse backgrounds to analyse findings from case studies conducted in food supply chains that included meat, fruits and vegetables, fish and seafood, milk and dairy products.

Tool

2016

Voluntary Guidelines for Mainstreaming Biodiversity into Policies, Programmes and National and Regional Plans of Action on Nutrition

The Guidelines aim to support countries in the development of nutrition-sensitive agriculture practices that consider the nutrient composition of biodiversity for food and agriculture (in particular the varieties, cultivars and breeds of plants and animals used as food, as well as wild, neglected and underutilized species) to address malnutrition in all its forms. The Guidelines are divided into three main elements: Research, implementation, and awareness. Examples of activities are provided on how mainstreaming could be implemented depending on each country’s needs and capabilities.

Issue paper

2016

Trends in Foreign Direct Investment in Food, Beverages and Tobacco. FAO Commodity and Trade Policy Research Working Paper No. 51

This paper analyses foreign direct investment (FDI) flows in food, beverages and tobacco, including primary agriculture and retail, from 2003 to 2014. It provides information on global, regional and - where possible - national trends in FDI flows in food, beverages and tobacco. When data are available, this study also provides more detailed insights into particular qualitative traits of FDI flows, such as whether FDI seems to be market- or resource-seeking, or in how far changes in sub-sector-specific investment could be linked to changes in consumer demand. Thus it contributes to the ongoing global debate on the relevance and characteristics [...]