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Issue paper

2021

A technical review of select de-risking schemes to promote rural and agricultural finance in sub-Saharan Africa

In recognition of the well-understood challenges with promoting rural and agricultural finance, the need for a more systemic approach to promoting financial inclusion is gaining traction in the thinking and programming approaches of the community of practice. Within this system-level view, the concept of de-risking the overall operating environment of agricultural value chains is recognized as a critically important factor. Accordingly, numerous project-based and stand-alone “de-risking” arrangements have recently been launched or are at various stages of design throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The generation of evidence of performance, impact and cost effectiveness is critical to validating the relevance of these types of [...]

Briefs

2021

Digital finance and inclusion in the time of COVID-19. Lessons, experiences and proposals

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted digital financial inclusion trends across the world in many and complex ways. In developing and emerging contexts, this crisis also holds the potential to propel an unprecedented acceleration in the process of financial digitization and turn out to be a game-changer for digital financial inclusion. The aim of this study is to illustrate the opportunities and risks associated with the surge in uptake and use of digital financial service, providing ideas on how to leverage the paradigm changes affecting the overall approach and perspective towards digital financial services – on the part of various stakeholders – [...]

Report

2021

世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况:濒临崩溃的系统

满足日益增长的粮食需求在世界范围内给水、土地和土壤资源造成压力。农业可为减轻这些压力贡献力量,助力实现气候和发展目标。可持续农业模式能够直接改善土地、土壤和水资源状况,产生生态系统惠益,减少土地来源的排放。实现上述目标需要精准的信息,更需要我们大刀阔斧地改革资源管理模式;此外还需要自然资源管理范畴之外的补充力量,以便协同增效,权衡取舍。 2021年版《世界粮食和农业土地及水资源状况》旨在介绍土地和水资源现状,着重指出风险,梳理相关机遇和挑战。此外,报告还强调了适当政策、机制与投资的重要作用。近期开展的评估、预测和情境分析表明,水土资源消耗加速,生物多样性损失愈加严峻。2021年版《土地及水资源状况》着重分析了土地、土壤和水资源的相关风险和发展趋势,提出了解决用户竞争、实现预期惠益的途径。报告介绍了最新的知识内容,提出了一整套应对措施和行动,可以帮助决策者做出合理决策,推动由退化和脆弱转向可持续和韧性发展。

Case study

2021

Nature-based solutions in agriculture The case and pathway for adoption

Food system demands have increased exponentially in recent decades and are estimated to continue growing as global populations increase and economic affluence expands. However, the very foundation of a productive system – healthy lands and soils and clean water supply – is already under immense pressure. In fact, by the most credible estimates, up to 52% of global agricultural lands are now moderately to severely degraded, with millions of hectares per year degrading to the point they are abandoned by the land manager. The loss of productive land, coupled with increased food demand, pushes agriculture to be the primary driver [...]

Issue paper

2021

Water and agriculture. An issues note produced for the G20 Presidency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

This document was prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and inputs from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) as an input for the discussions of the 2020 G20 Saudi Presidency.

Case study

2021

Status of digital agriculture in 47 sub-Saharan African countries

Sub-Saharan Africa is uniquely positioned significantly increase its current agricultural productivity to lift the region’s more than 400 million people out of extreme poverty and improve the livelihood of approximately 250 million smallholder farmers and pastoralists in the region. To achieve that, substantive digital transformation of the agriculture sector is required through improved infrastructure and increased access to and use of digital technologies for agriculture. To improve the current understanding of sub-Saharan Africa’s digital agriculture landscape, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) undertook this study in 47 countries. The report is [...]

Issue paper

2021

FAO en América Latina y el Caribe

En este reporte FAO ilustra los avances realizados durante el año 2021, en el cumplimiento del mandato que nos dieron los Países Miembros. Durante 2021, los países de América Latina y el Caribe demostraron que incluso durante uno de los periodos más demandantes de la historia reciente, es posible impulsar una mejor producción, una mejor nutrición, un mejor medio ambiente y una vida mejor, sin dejar a nadie atrásLos resultados incluidos en este documento son ejemplos importantes, pero parciales, de nuestro quehacer.

Issue paper

2021

Supporting an enabling legal environment for women’s empowerment in food and agriculture

Empowerment is the “expansion of people’s ability to make strategic life choices” (Kabeer, 1999). According to the UN, women’s empowerment has five components: women’s sense of self-worth; their right to have and to determine choices; their right to have access to opportunities and resources; their right to have the power to control their own lives, both within and outside the home; and their ability to influence the direction of social change to create a more just social and economic order, nationally and internationally (FAO, 2017). The process of empowerment rests on enabling social conditions including social norms and legislative action [...]

Issue paper

2021

Los pueblos indígenas y afrodescendientes y el cambio climático en América Latina - Diez experiencias de colaboración intercultural escalables

Esta publicación presenta diez experiencias de colaboración intercultural escalables que demuestran la importancia, eficiencia y efectividad de trabajar de la mano de hombres, mujeres y jóvenes de pueblos indígenas y afrodescendientes de América Latina y el Caribe en la búsqueda de soluciones prácticas desarrolladas a partir de la sinergia entre el conocimiento ancestral y la innovación científica y tecnológica.Los pueblos indígenas y afrodescendientes son dos de los grupos rurales con mayor potencial para contribuir a la mitigación del cambio climático en la región. Ambos grupos están altamente expuestos a los desastres naturales y los efectos del clima en la agricultura [...]

Issue paper

2021

Forest governance by indigenous and tribal peoples. An opportunity for climate action in Latin America and the Caribbean

The document summarizes the report that, based on a review of more than 250 studies, demonstrates the importance and urgency of climate action to protect the forests of the indigenous and tribal territories of Latin America as well as the indigenous and tribal peoples who protect them. These territories contain about a third of the continent's forests. That's 14% of the carbon stored in tropical forests around the world; These territories are also home to an enormous diversity of wild fauna and flora and play a key role in stabilizing the local and regional climate.Based on an analysis of the [...]