FAO's Global Action on Pollination Services for Sustainable Agriculture

Drivers of change

Chapter 2 of the initial scoping for the thematic assessment of pollination and pollinators associated with food production will assess the drivers of change of pollinators, pollination networks and pollination services, especially those of importance for food production, including local crops, wild food plants and honey. It will include an assessment of indirect drivers of change, including trade and policies in areas such as agriculture and spatial planning. It will also assess direct drivers of change in pollination, including the risk posed by climate change, invasive species and diseases, land-use changes, changing agricultural practices, and the use of chemicals including fungicides and insecticides. The consequences of the cultivation of genetically modified plants for pollinators, pollination networks and pollination services and food production, including honey, will be assessed.

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Van der Valk, Ho, Koomen, I., et al.

Aspects Determining the Risk of Pesticides to Wild Bees

This publication is a tool to better understand the pesticide exposure of key crop pollinators (honey bees, but also wild bees) through the development of risk profiles for cropping systems in three countries.

Kjøhl, M., Nielsen, A. & Stenseth, N.C.

Potential Effects of Climate Change on Crop Pollination

Recognizing that the interactions between climate, crops and biodiversity are complex and not always well understood, FAO has coordinated this review of the potential effects of climate change on crop pollination.


Rapid Assessment of Pollinators' Status

– Chapter 4

This first assessment of the status of pollinators under the International Pollinators Initiative addresses progress in different approaches to conserving and sustainably using pollination services.