FAO's Global Action on Pollination Services for Sustainable Agriculture

Status and trends

Chapter 3 of the initial scoping for the thematic assessment of pollination and pollinators associated with food production will assess the state of and trends in pollinators, pollination networks and pollination services as keystone ecological processes and services in both human managed and natural terrestrial ecosystems. It will focus on the contribution of pollination by various pollinator populations to human well-being, based on the role of pollination in maintaining agricultural and natural biological diversity and in safeguarding communities that depend for their livelihood security on the use of natural resources, including for medicinal use. Consideration will be given to existing indigenous and local knowledge about pollinators, pollination networks and pollination services and how they contribute to the way of life of indigenous and local communities, and more generally to living in harmony with Mother Earth. Emphasis will be placed on the essential role of pollination in contributing to food security, including with regard to the quality, stability and availability of food as well as its role in income generation from the local to the global scale. The chapter will assess how the pollination deficit can be defined and what areas and agricultural systems are prone to pollination deficits and declines. It will also include information about the perception of indigenous and local communities about this deficit.

Author, Contributor, Submitted by



Vaissière, B., Freitas, B. & Gemmill-Herren, B.

Protocol to Detect and Assess Pollination Deficits in Crops: A Handbook for its Use

As a contribution to the InternationalPollinators Initiative, FAO and its partners have developed a protocol for assessing and detecting pollination deficits in crops.


Rapid Assessment of Pollinators' Status

– Chapter 1

This first assessment of the status of pollinators under the International Pollinators Initiative addresses progress in different approaches to conserving and sustainably using pollination services.