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Resilience Analysis in Isiolo, Marsabit and Meru: Kenya 2016

Resilience Analysis in Isiolo, Marsabit and Meru: Kenya 2016
Jul 2017

Approximately 83 percent of the total area of the Republic of Kenya (Kenya) is classified as arid and semi-arid land (ASAL) with most agricultural and pastoralist activities depending on rain in order to be sustainable (Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries of Kenya (MALF, 2016). This makes the country vulnerable to extreme droughts. Climate change has taken its toll in Kenya, leading to erratic rainfall patterns and extended, life-threatening droughts. Erratic rainfall has led to significant reductions in crop and livestock production. This has led to a ripple effect on conflict between nomadic pastoralist and farmer communities, which compete with each other for already limited resources. Against this backdrop, poverty rates, insecurity and poor infrastructure have increased in many regions within Kenya.

In 2010, the Government of Kenya (GoK) ushered in changes to the Constitution of Kenya, which led to the creation of 47 new regional administrative units, referred to as ‘counties’. In terms of development, disparity among the counties is rife in Kenya. Counties located in northern Kenya are lagging behind in terms of development. This analysis is focused on the County Government of Isiolo, County Government of Marsabit, and County Government of Meru, referred to hereafter as Isiolo county, Marsabit county and Meru county. These counties are grouped together as part of the Isiolo cluster of counties. Livelihoods in the Marsabit and Isiolo counties are predominantly pastoralist, while in Meru mixed farming is the most common livelihood.

This analysis relates to the baseline survey that is part of the Impact Evaluation (IE) strategy designed by the FAO Representation in Kenya (referred to hereafter as ‘FAO Kenya’) in order to assess the effects of specific FAO interventions (e.g. increasing the agricultural productivity of beneficiaries/households). In addition, this analysis provides a powerful instrument for the GoK and all partners operating in areas related to resilience for determining the effectiveness of resilience-building interventions. Household resilience to food insecurity in the three counties was examined using the second iteration of the FAO Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA) model, known as RIMA-II. The baseline survey was conducted from February to March 2016, covering 1 028 households.

This report aims to achieve two objectives: (i) establish baseline values for the IE, and (ii) carry out resilience profiling in the region. This analysis identifies the determinants of resilience and food security, and also explores resilience variations across Isiolo, Marsabit and Meru counties. The report provides a description of the profiling of households targeted in the three counties, with two distinct livelihoods identified, which were pastoralist and mixed farming livelihoods.

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