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Resilience analysis in Mali 2009/2010

Resilience analysis in Mali 2009/2010
Nov 2015

Mali is the largest landlocked country in the Sahel region of West Africa. Although between 2000 and 2010 Mali has enjoyed sustained economic growth and significant decline in poverty rate (World Bank, 2013), since 2010 Mali has been hit by a mix of external and internal shocks. Among the external ones, the crisis in Libya, the rise of food and oil prices on international markets and the economic and political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire increased the vulnerability of the population of Mali. Internally, the invasion of north Mali by insurgent groups and a coup against the President Touré caused a major socio-political crisis and security deterioration in the country in March 2012.

Against this background, it is important to ensure a greater capacity of households to deal with recurrent and often complex shocks. In order to enable better thought-out interventions, the present analysis aims at examining the resilience of people for a better understanding of the root causes of vulnerability of affected populations. 

This report identifies the key pillars of resilience and related contributing factors at household level in Mali using the FAO Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA) model. The study estimates the Resilience Index for Mali using the FAO RIMA methodology. This model allows the identification of different dimensions of household resilience. In the case of Mali, the dimensions are limited to Access to Basic Services (ABS), Assets (AST), Sensitivity (S) and Adaptive Capacity (AC), due to data constraint. The data employed for the analysis are from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) and the Enquête Légère Intégrée auprès des Ménages (ELIM), 2009/10, which are, despite their limitations, the latest available for Mali. 

RIMA methodology can be used for resilience oriented policy recommendations as well as to assess the relevance and contribution to resilience of policies adopted in response to crises. This report examines the resilience structure and the differences in the resilience capacity of specific groups: between rural and urban households, between regions and between female-and maleheaded households. The aim of this analysis is to detect heterogeneity in resilience capacity among households with different profiles. Consequently it sheds a light on the drivers of resilience on which to target specific policies. 

  • The resilience analysis in Mali can be used as baseline to: critically review the different policies and resilience-building initiatives being endorsed, promoted and implemented by the Government of Mali with the support of major stakeholders.
  • Assess the evolution of resilience capacity over the years. 

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