FAO Liaison Office with the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation at a glance

According to the World Bank classification (2016), Russia belongs to the group of Upper-Middle Income Countries (UMI).

Agriculture is one of the most dynamically developing sectors of the Russian economy, with relatively high rates of growth in the past three years against the backdrop of the overall recession and slowdown in the economy. In 2015, Russia became a world leader in cereal exports with the export of other agri-food products also on the rise.

The situation with food safety has improved markedly over the past decade: the share of rejected goods versus the total volume of inspected goods has been decreasing across all commodity groups, and the share of goods that do not meet hygiene requirements has fallen sharply.

Another important indicator of positive improvements in the area of food security in Russia is the adoption of a coherent national policy. In 1998, the Russian government adopted “The Concept of State Policy in the area of Healthy Nutrition of the Russian population until 2005” and in 2010 the Government endorsed “The Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the area of Healthy Nutrition of the population until 2020”.

In 2012, the Government adopted the "State Program for Development of Agriculture and Regulation of Agricultural Commodities Markets in 2013-2020". The Program plans to allocate USD 76 billion for the development of agriculture and food markets during the period 2013-2020, including USD 50 billion from the federal budget and USD 26 billion from provincial budgets. The development of the livestock industry is identified as the top priority for the Ministry of Agriculture. One major change brought by the State Program is the method of support to agriculture, which will shift from subsidized interest rates toward direct income support for farmers.