Protection sociale

Strengthening Coherence between Agriculture and Social Protection: Mexico Country Case Study Report

Resource Type: Publication
Published: 01/03/2016

This study took place in Mexico in 2015. It was led by Gustavo Gordillo along with co-researchers Obed Méndez and Santiago Ruy Sánchez. The report focuses on two core research questions: 1) What are the current experiences of achieving coherence between Mexico’s agricultural and social protection policies and programmes? 2) What lessons and insights do these experiences hold for achieving more and better coordination between the two sectors? The case of Mexico lends itself to an exploration of the linkages between social protection and agriculture for several reasons: public spending in the rural sector in Mexico represents a significant fiscal category. In fact, between 2003 and 2013, the budget for spending in this sector was increased by 170 percent. Despite significant changes in recent decades, some programmes have achieved broad coverage and maintained their continuity; in 2013, Prospera, which has been operating for 16 years, reached 5.9 million households, and ProAgro, which has been active for 20 years, reached 2.7 million farmers. Social policy and production development or promotion policies – in the broad sense of the term – have been the object of academic scrutiny and ongoing national and international assessments. Both policy domains encompass a wide range of actions and tools involving varying degrees of convergence. Notwithstanding the country’s limited experience with intersectoral and vertical (decentralizing) coordination schemes, policy instruments for driving coherence are on the table, and those instruments can be analysed and assessed.