Protection sociale

Impacts of the Child Grant Programme on the Local Economy in Lesotho

Resource Type: Publication
Published: 02/09/2013

The objective of Lesotho’s Child Grants Programme (CGP) is to improve the living standards of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) so as to reduce malnutrition, improve health status, and increase school enrolment among OVC. The CGP seeks to accomplish this via an unconditional cash transfer targeted at poor and vulnerable households. The programme’s immediate impact will be to raise the purchasing power of the beneficiary households. The LSL 1 440 transfer represents an average of 22 percent of the income of the treated households, every quarter the programme transfers LSL 3.3 million to 2 299 households. As the recipient households spend their cash, the transfer’s impacts immediately spread to others inside (and outside) the treated villages. Doorstep trade, purchases in village stores, periodic markets and purchases outside the village potentially set in motion income multipliers within the treated clusters. Some impacts leak out of the project area, potentially unleashing income multipliers in non-recipient locals. The local economy-wide impact evaluation (LEWIE) methodology is designed to understand the full impact of cash transfers on local economies, including on the production activities of both beneficiary and nonbeneficiary groups, how these effects change when programmes are scaled up to larger regions and why these effects occur. All of these aspects are important for designing projects and explaining their likely impacts to government officials and other sponsoring agencies.