Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 14.b.1 - Degree of application of a legal / regulatory / policy /institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries

The indicator is a composite indicator calculated on the basis of the efforts being made by countries to implement selected key provisions of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines). This indicator measures the “access rights” aspect of the SDG Target 14.b.

Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets.

Progress in the degree of implementation of international instruments to promote and protect small-scale fisheries, 2022


Together with the other indicators under SDG 14, it will form a picture of marine activity giving countries intelligence on optimum levels of fishing, aquaculture expansion and fair and secure access to living aquatic resources.

Key results

In the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture 2022, the degree of adoption of regulatory frameworks supporting small-scale fisheries remains high, though the number of countries reporting data has decreased.  

Since 2015, the adoption of regulatory frameworks supporting small-scale fisheries and promoting participatory decision-making processes has expanded in most regions. The average global score has risen to 5 out of 5 in 2022, up from 4 out of 5 in 2020, and 3 out of 5 in 2018. Regional scores have  generally remained stable or improved, with most regions earning a score of 4 out of 5. However, Northern Africa and Western Asia scored lower in 2022 than in 2020. The number of countries reporting data has been lower in 2022 than in previous years for all regions except Latin America and the Caribbean, indicating that efforts to encourage countries to report must be stepped up, and that there is no room for complacency.  



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