Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 2.5.2 - Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction

The indicator presents the percentage of local livestock breeds among local breeds with known risk status classified as being at risk of extinctions at a certain moment in time, as well as the trends for this percentage. The indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 2.5.

Target 2.5

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

Risk status of the local livestock breeds in the world, 2000–2021

Impact

Information collected for this indicator is key to safeguard precious animal varieties and support the livelihood of the world's population with sufficient, diverse and nutritious diets long into the future. 

Key results

The proportion of farmed and domesticated animal breeds at risk of extinction remains worryingly high. Furthermore, the limited availability of data hinders the complete understanding of the seriousness of the issue for the majority of breeds.  

Stable or decreasing numbers of breeds at risk constitute one aspect of SDG Target 2.5, and can be interpreted as a positive step towards achieving the target. Unfortunately, the genetic diversity of farmed and domesticated animals is far from being secured. Worldwide, the risk status of the majority of local breeds remains unknown. The latest figures, for 2022, provide data for only 38 percent of breeds. Of all breeds with a known status, 72 percent are classified as being at risk of extinction. Where enough data are available to show regional results, the share of local breeds at risk in the overall number of breeds is alarmingly high: 83 percent in Europe, 69 percent in Southern Africa, 40 percent in South America and 26 percent in Northern Africa. As the number of endangered local breeds is unlikely to decrease significantly, countries must expend greater efforts to collect the data needed to accurately infer the risk of extinction.  

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