FAO in Tanzania

Programmes and projects

FAO works closely with the Government of Tanzania by providing policy advice, credible, up-to-date information and technical expertise on food security, nutrition and natural resource management. The Country Programming Framework (CPF) 2017-2020 sets out four priority areas to guide FAO support and partnership with the Government of Tanzania - bringing together innovative international best practices and global standards with national and regional expertise. It is an integral part of the UN Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP II) 2016 - 2021, while aligning FAO’s global strategic objectives with the Government of Tanzania’s priorities. It was prepared with a strong involvement of national stakeholders, including the private sector and civil society.

Priority Area A: Evidence – based agriculture policy, planning, investment and sector coordination

This will include strengthening national capacity for evidence-based planning, monitoring and evaluation of food and nutrition security/poverty reduction interventions, advocating for improved policy and legal framework for food and agriculture and facilitating effective cross-sectoral coordination.

The availability of accurate statistical data is critical for the planning of agricultural development interventions and for assessing progress towards the attainment of development targets. Currently the country generates two different sets of data and information on the agricultural sector: baseline data is generated through the Agricultural Sample Census conducted every five years, supplemented with selected sample surveys, and routine data collection through the Living Standards Measurement Study Survey which provides data for the preparation of: Progress reports, Agricultural marketing information, Production, Import and Export, Weather, Crops and Livestock forecasts. However, these are generated by various institutions using different techniques of data capture and different monitoring frameworks which generate different and inconsistent data and information. Through this CPF, FAO will support National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MALF) and Local Government Authorities (LGAs) to improve reliability of data and information used for planning and improvement of food and agriculture in the country. This will include strengthening capacities for monitoring and reporting on food and agriculture related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Through the CPF, FAO will provide leadership in dialogues on agriculture, nutrition and the environment for the purpose of ensuring coherence and well-coordinated sector-wide development planning and implementation; It will strengthen policy dialogue between stakeholders and Government to provide an enabling environment for investment in agriculture, and sound provisions for governance of tenure; strengthen capacity of Agriculture Sector Lead Ministries (ASLMs) and LGAs for agricultural statistical data collection, analysis and dissemination and its application in planning and implementing of agricultural and rural development policies, strategies and investment programmes.

Priority Area B: Increasing agricultural production, productivity for food and nutrition security

Work undertaken in this priority area will support the Government of Tanzania in its efforts to use agricultural growth as the main driver towards reducing poverty and reaching middle-income level status by 2025. Furthermore, the expected outcomes will advance the implementation of the ASDP II which is the main operational modality agreed upon by the Government and development partners for achieving the growth targets for the agricultural sector, as well as the SAGCOT initiative, which aims to increase agricultural production and productivity by linking smallholder farmers to commercially led larger scale enterprises, focusing in the first instance, on rice, maize and sugar cane production.

The CPF aims to promote the use of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), focusing on value chain development of selected sub-sectors (including livestock, crops, forestry and aquaculture) and giving due attention to decent rural employment criteria for rural youth and women farmers. The CPF will strengthen research-extension-service linkages to support smallholders to improve their technical and organizational capacity to access these services. It will further support the government’s efforts of improving the nutritional status of its population by promoting nutrition-sensitive agriculture for dietary diversity; and supporting food security and nutrition assessments; and coordination mechanisms.

Priority Area C: Improving market access for increased incomes

Poor integration of smallholder farmers (particularly women and youths) into high value markets and the lack of agricultural market information systems are underlying factors for the prevailing low motivation to improve production. The CPF is expected to strengthen post-harvest handling; appropriate household and community storage systems; value-addition and ensuring food safety controls and maintaining recommended food quality standards, allowing Tanzania to take full advantage of its central position in the East African trade dynamics. Attention will be paid to empowering producers to conduct market research and access profitable markets through the use of ICT-based platforms. In addition, the CPF will promote entrepreneurial skills of small scale producers and traders, including youth and women, and will strengthen the collection, analysis, storage and dissemination of agricultural marketing data at all levels.

The CPF will promote dialogue between the government and the private sector to facilitate enabling environment and mechanisms, including tax regimes for facilitating cross-border trade so as to tap into market opportunities in the neighbouring countries. This is expected to contribute to the development of a business environment conducive to profitable engagement by all agricultural value chain actors, facilitating the commercialization of smallholder agriculture.

Priority Area D: Strengthening resilience to natural and man-made threats and crises, such as climate change impacts; and unsustainable management of natural resources

Extreme weather events such as droughts and floods due to climate change, pests, and disease outbreaks continue to pose a threat to food security in the country. Climate change is likely to continue to pose challenges and threats to farmers in future. The effect will be more acute to vulnerable groups and those operating in fragile ecosystems such as the agro-pastoralists, and forest dependent communities.

Unsustainable management of natural resources and environmental degradation continue to pose serious threats to the livelihoods of rural and urban populations. This has exacerbated resource use conflicts, currently gripping the country.

The CPF aims to lay a solid foundation to strengthen resilience of households, communities and institutions to prevent and cope with disasters that impact the agricultural sector productivity, food security and sustainable livelihoods. In addition, the CPF will strengthen capacities for early warning and emergency preparedness; upscale FAO’s work on climate smart agriculture; provide support to sustainable forestry including social protection mechanisms for forest-dependent communities; and strengthen land and water management particularly in the vast rangelands of the country.