Регулирование вопросов владения и пользования ресурсами

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FAO supports Local Consultations in the Participatory Process of Preparing a National Land Policy in Chad

Ateibba Ahmat Izzo. Opening of the provincial workshop to take stock of the land tenure situation in the Sahelian Zone, Massakory, Chad.

On February 8 and 9, 2023, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) organized a workshop to take stock of the land tenure situation in the Sahelian zone of Chad. The workshop brought together local authoress, civil society actors, private sector representatives and traditional chiefs from the 8 provinces. The workshop was the first in a series of consultation workshop to be undertaken in the three (3) different agro-ecological zones of Chad.

The preparation of the National Land Policy was considered essential by stakeholders to prevent emerging land crises: increased pressure on natural resources, including recurrent land conflicts in both urban and rural areas, and especially farmer-herder conflicts, which detrimental to vulnerable groups and more and more frequent.

During the Workshop exchanges, the questions of and lack of knowledge and application of the legal to protect tenure rights. The need for better access to cultivable land and market gardening, were also raised by the women. Mrs. Amné Ali Abakar, President of a cooperative of women traders and member of the International Organization of Millennium Women (OIFM) stressed that 80 percent of conflicts in Chad are related to land. She explains the fatal negative social impact that this induce: “Conflicts between farmers and pastoralist is a real problem for us as women. Our men, brothers and children are dying because of these conflicts”.

The preparation of the land policy is a key step in the inclusive land reform process, initiated in 2018 with the review of the draft land code. This process is inspired by the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT) and the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa.

The debates held during these meetings and the group work focused on 4 thematic areas: 1) the legislative and regulatory framework of land administration; 2) urban land; 3) rural land; and 4) land use planning, in order to formulate recommendations based on the realities of each zone.

FAO and the Government of Chad engaged in the National Land Policy preparation process

Ingeborg Gaarde/FAO. A group work session on February 8, 2023.

The provincial workshops are organized within the framework of the project entitled "Support to the preparation of the National Land Policy of Chad", financed within the framework of FAO’s Technical Cooperation Programme for a period of two (2) years and implemented in collaboration with the Ministry in charge of Land Affairs.

The multi-stakeholder and multi-disciplinary approach is at the heart of the development process of this land policy. To this end, a multi-stakeholder committee in charge of coordinating the preparation of the land policy and reviewing the draft land tenure code was set up by Order No. 031/PCMT/PM/MAFDHU/SG/2022 of 31 August 2022.