A report prepared by the GOM/FAO/UNDP Chambo Fisheries Research project
PROFITABILITY OF FISHING IN LAKE MALOMBE, THE UPPER SHIRE RIVER AND THE SOUTH-EAST ARM OF LAKE MALAWI
FI : DP/MLW/86/013, Field document 17, July 1992
M. Mdaihli and S. Donda
For bibliographic purposes this document should be cited as follows:
Mdaihli, M. and S. Donda. 1992 Profitability of fishing in Lake Malombe, the Upper Shire river and the south-east arm of Lake Malawi. GOM/UNDP/FAO Chambo Fisheries Research Project, Malawi. FI : DP/MLW/86/013, Field Document 17 : 20p.
This report was prepared during the course of the Chambo Fisheries Research project. The conclusions and recommendations given in the report are those considered appropriate at the time of its preparation. They may be modified in the light of further knowledge gained at subsequent stages of the project.
The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this document do not imply the expression of any, opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.
Map showing the project's working area and statistical divisions (minor strata).
The authors thank the IFIP project (RAF/87/099), especially Mr. B. Horemans, for the assistance in setting up costs and earnings studies. Further, we would like to express our thanks to the Technical Assistants of the Fisheries Department Messr. Bezai, Bowa, Gideon, Kazuzueni, Mhoni, Mpezeni, J. Phiri, Simon and Thindwa, who carried out a strenuous kind of data collection over a period of one year.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Mangochi, Malawi, July 1992
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Map of project area
Glossary of terms
2 ORGANISATION OF THE SURVEY AND STUDY DESIGN
2.1 ARTISANAL FISHERY
2.1.1 Data collection
2.1.2 Data analysis
2.2 SEMI-INDUSTRIAL FISHERY
2.2.1 Cost data collection
2.2.2 Data collection on earnings
3.1 ARTISANAL FISHERY
3.1.1 Lake Malombe
3.1.2 Upper Shire river
3.1.3 South-east arm of Lake Malawi
3.2 SEMI-INDUSTRIAL FISHERY
3.2.1 Economic importance of the semi-industrial sector of the fishery
|Chambo (CHA)||-||Oreochromis spp., Tilapiine fish species|
|Chisawasawa (CHI)||-||demersal haplochromine cichlids, caught off-shore by trawlers|
|Kambuzi (KAM)||-||small demersal haplochromine cichlids, caught in-shore by artisanal fishermen|
|Kampango (KMG)||-||Bagrus merionalis|
|Mbaba (MBA)||-||large demersal haplochromine cichlids, caught in-shore by artisanal fishermen or off-shore by semi-industrial fishermen|
|Mlamba (MLA)||-||Clariid catfish|
|Usipa (USI)||-||Engraulicypris sardella|
|Utaka (UTA)||-||Copradichromis spp.|
|Chambo seine net||-||a large-meshed beach seine net; targetted on chambo|
|Chirimila net||-||open-water net; operated usually by one planked boat and two dugout canoes; target species are usipa and utaka|
|Kambuzi seine net||-||a small-meshed beach seine net, targetted on kambuzi|
|Nkacha net||-||open-water net operated usually by two planked boats; in construction, size and mesh size similar to the kambuzi seine net; targetted on kambuzi|
|Artisanal fishermen||-||use planked boats and dugout canoes to operate mainly chambo seine nets, kambuzi seine nets, gillnets, nkacha nets and chirimila nets; main target species are chambo, kambuzi, usipa and utaka, operate for commercial purposes; can be divided into the group of entrepreneurs, who own the fishing equipment, and the group of crew members, who operate or assist in the operation of the fishing units|
|Semi-industrial fishermen||-||use pair trawlers and trawlers to operate bottom trawls; target species are chisawasawa and chambo|
|Industrial fishery||-||represented by the commercial fishing company Maldeco; uses ring nets, midwater trawls and bottom trawls; target species are chambo and chisawasawa|