Title:  The State of Food Insecurity in the World (SOFI) 2015
Division:  Agriculture and Economic Development Analysis Division
PDF Version

The state of food insecurity in the world 2015 The State of
Food Insecurity in the World


Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets:
taking stock of uneven progress

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2015

Download Full Report - 2,8 Mb

Table of Contents



   [339 Kb]

Undernourishment around the world in 2015

    The global trends
    Wide differences persist among regions
    Key findings
  pdf [524 Kb]

Inside the hunger target: comparing trends in undernourishment and underweight in children

    Regional patterns
    Key findings

Food security and nutrition: the drivers of change

    Economic growth and progress towards food security and nutrition targets
    The contribution of family farming and smallholder agriculture to food security and nutrition
    International trade and food security linkages
    The relevance of social protection for hunger trends between 1990 and 2015
    Protracted crises and hunger
    Key findings

   [883 Kb]

Technical Annex

Annex 1

    Prevalence of undernourishment and progress towards the World Food Summit (WFS) and the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets in developing regions

   [76 Kb]

Annex 2

    Methodology for assessing food security and progress towards the international hunger targets

   [129 Kb]

Annex 3

    Glossary of selected terms used in the report
   [25 Kb]


   [165 Kb]


This year´s annual State of Food Insecurity in the World report takes stock of progress made towards achieving the internationally established Millennium Development Goal (MDG1) and World Food Summit hunger targets and reflects on what needs to be done, as we transition to the new post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda. The report reviews progress made since 1990 for every country and region as well as for the world as a whole.

Progress towards the MDG 1 target, however, is assessed not only by measuring undernourishment, or hunger, but also by a second indicator – the prevalence of underweight children under five years of age. Progress for the two indicators across regions and over time, is compared, providing insights into the complexity of food security.

Overall progress notwithstanding, much work remains to be done to eradicate hunger and achieve food security across all its dimensions. The 2015 report not only estimates the progress already achieved, but also identifies remaining problems, and provides guidance on which policies should be emphasized in the future. Key factors that have determined success to date towards food security and nutrition goals are identified. The list of factors – economic growth, agricultural productivity growth, markets (including international trade) and social protection – is by no means exhaustive. The report also shows how protracted crises, due to conflict or natural disasters, have deleterious effects on progress in hunger reduction.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) or of the World Food Programme (WFP) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO, IFAD or WFP in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in the maps do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO, IFAD or WFP concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.

ISBN 978-92-5-108785-5

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