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Acronyms and abbreviations

ABAAbscisic acid
AB-QTLAdvanced back cross quantitative trait locus
AFLPsAmplified fragment length polymorphism markers
AIArtificial insemination
AnGRAnimal genetic resources
BACBacterial artificial chromosones
BECABiosciences Eastern and Central Africa
CBDConvention on Biological Diversity
cDNAComplementary DNA
CGIARConsultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CGRFACommission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
CPACryoprotective agents
CVCoefficient of variation
EGEthylene glycol
ESTExpressed sequence tag
ESUEvolutionary significant unit
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAO-WGBFAO Working Group on Biotechnology
FGRForest genetic resources
GIFTGenetic improvement of farmed tilapia
HeExpected heterozygosity
HoObserved heterozygosity
ICRAFWorld Agroforestry Centre
ILRIInternational Livestock Research Institute
INIBAPInternational Network for Improvement of Banana and Plantain
IPGRIInternational Plant Genetic Resources Institute
ISAGInternational Society for Animal Genetics
ISSRInter-single sequence repeat
IUCNWorld Conservation Union
IUFROInternational Union of Forest Research Organizations
LDLinkage disequilibrum
mtDNAMitochondrial DNA
NeEffective population size
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
PCRPolymerase chain reaction
PGRFAPlant genetic resources for food and agriculture
PICPolymorphic index content
QTLQuantitative trait loci
RAPDRandom amplified polymorphic DNA
RFLPRestriction fragment length polymoprhism
SAMPLSelective amplification of microsatellite polymorphic loci
SIGAItalian Society of Agriculture Genetics
SNPSingle nucleotide polymorphism
SoW-AnGRState of the World's Animal Genetic Resources
SoW-PGRFAState of the World's Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
SSRSimple sequence repeats
UNEPUnited Nations Environment Programme
UNFFUnited Nations Forum on Forests
UPGMAUnweighted pair-group method arithmetic average

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