FAO ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH PAPER 12
ruminant nutrition: selected articles from the
WORLD ANIMAL REVIEW
The copyright in this book is vested in the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, by any method or process, without written permission from the copyright holder. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction desired, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION
OF THE UNITED NATIONS ROME
© FAO 1978
Printed in Italy
Hyperlinks to non-FAO Internet sites do not imply any official endorsement of or responsibility for the opinions, ideas, data or products presented at these locations, or guarantee the validity of the information provided. The sole purpose of links to non-FAO sites is to indicate further information available on related topics.
|L.E. Harris and L.C. Kearl||International collection and dissemination of information on animal feeds (14)|
|PASTURES, FORAGES AND THEIR UTILIZATION|
|E.M. Hutton||Tropical pastures and beef production (12)|
|W.J. Pigden||Derinded sugarcane as an animal feed - a major breakthrough (11)|
|T.H. Stobbs and P.A.C. Thompson||Milk production from tropical pastures (13)|
|M.E. McCullough||New trends in ensiling forages (15)|
|THE ROLE OF POOR-QUALITY ROUGHAGES AND BY-PRODUCT FEEDS|
|W.J. Pigden and P. Bender||Utilization of lignocellulose by ruminants (4)|
|M.G. Jackson||Rice straw as livestock feed (23)|
|B.I. Gohl||Citrus by-products for animal feed (6)|
|P. Thivend||Use of whey in feeding ruminants (23)|
|J. Le Dividich, F. Geoffroy, I. Canope and M. Chenost||Using waste bananas as animal feed (20)|
|P.B. O'Donovan||Potential for by-product feeding in tropical areas (13)|
|W.D. Bellamy||Production of single-cell protein for animal feed from lignocellulose wastes (18)|
|L.W. Smith||Dehydrated poultry excreta as a crude protein supplement for ruminants (11)|
|G.M. Ward and T. Muscato||Processing cattle waste for recycling as animal feed (20)|
|N.W. Pirie||The role of leaf protein in animal feeding (22)|
|PROTEIN AND MINERAL UTILIZATION|
|T.J. Kempton, J.V. Nolan AND R.A. Leng||Principles for the use of non-protein nitrogen and by-pass proteins in diets of ruminants (22)|
|G.I. Alexander||Non-protein nitrogen supplements for grazing animals in Australia (4)|
|L.R. McDowell and J.N. Conrad||Trace mineral nutrition in Latin America (24)|
|FEEDING SYSTEMS AND STRATEGIES FOR RUMINANT PRODUCTION|
|T.R. Preston||A strategy for cattle production in the tropics (21)|
|J.B. Owen||Complete diets for dairy cattle (20)|
|E. Cordiez, O. Lambot, J.M. Bienfait, A. Pondant and C. Van Eenaeme||Saving grain in beef production by feeding dried sugar beet pulp (21)|
|I.A. Ahmed and K. el-Shazly||Early weaning of buffaloes in Egypt (14)|
|E.R. Ørskov||Physiological conditioning in ruminants and its practical implications (16)|
|J.W. Hibbs and H.R. Conrad||Minimum concentrate feeding for efficient milk production (15)|
|P. Auriol||Intensive feeding systems for beef production in developing countries (9)|
|T.R. Preston||Fattening beef cattle on molasses in the tropics (1)|
|Z. Müller, K.C. Chou and K.C. Nah||Cassava as a total substitute for cereals in livestock and poultry rations (12)|
Note: The numbers in brackets refer to the issue of the World Animal Review in which the articles originally appeared.
This volume of studies from the World Animal Review contains articles published on ruminant nutrition in the first twenty-four issues of the journal, presenting the experience and the results of work of animal scientists from 11 countries. Although the principal focus of the articles is on the feeding of ruminant animals in the developing areas of the world, several basic studies and information from the developed countries are included as well.
The text of this volume has been organized into five parts. The first part comes after a general article on the international collection and dissemination of information on animal feeds: it deals with pastures, forages and their utilization. The second part is concerned with the role of poor-quality roughages and by-product feeds in animal feeding and is followed by the third part on unconventional feeds. Protein and mineral utilization constitutes the fourth part. The largest number of articles is in the fifth and final part which is devoted to feeding systems and strategies for ruminant production.
This volume highlights the need for a continuing re-assessment of feed resources for the livestock sector. Not only are new feeds required which do not compete with man's own food needs, but traditionally available feeds should be better utilized to increase animal productivity. These call, inter alia, for wide-ranging fundamental and applied research studies to provide a sound basis on which to develop animal feeding systems.