SOME PROBLEMS OF THE MANAGEMENT OF SHARED STOCKS
|FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 206||FIRM/T206|
Chief, Marine Resources Service
Fishery Resources and Environment Division
Department of Fisheries
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FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome 1980
This document has been prepared as part of FAO's Regular Programme activities aimed at helping developing coastal states make the best use of the fish resources lying within their newly established Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs). My thanks are due to many colleagues in FAO (and especially J. Caddy, J. Csirke, F. Christy, S. Garcia, J.-P. Troadec, M. Savini and S. Venema) for discussions on this topic, and for comments on early drafts of this paper.
FAO Fisheries Department
FAO Regional Fishery Officers
|For bibliographic purposes this document should be cited as follows:|
Gulland, J.A., 1980 Some problems of the management of shared stocks. FAO Fish.Tech.Pap., (206):22 p.
The paper discusses the problems facing countries when managing stocks of fish that move between their EEZs and the EEZs of adjacent countries, or onto the high seas. The action needed depends on the pattern of movement of the stocks. The different patterns of movement are discussed; they vary from small local dispersions in which only a small proportion of the stock cross boundaries between national EEZs to long migrations in which virtually all the stock may move from one EEZ to another. Collaboration between countries in research on shared stocks is always beneficial, and should not raise any serious problem. Collaboration in choosing and implementing management measures can be more difficult. The problems raised, and the nature of collaboration required to achieve effective management are discussed in relation to the different patterns of movement.
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|2.||TYPES OF FISH MOVEMENT|
|2.2||Relation to national boundaries|
|2.2.1||Stocks located in a single EEZ|
|2.2.2||Non-migratory shared stocks (transboundary stocks)|
|2.2.3||Shared migratory stocks|
|3.||COOPERATION IN RESEARCH|
|3.1||Benefits from cooperation|
|3.2||The requirements from scientific research|
|3.3||Arrangements for cooperation in research|
|4.||COLLABORATION IN SETTING MANAGEMENT MEASURES|
|4.1||Problems and benefits of collaboration|
|4.2||Non-migratory shared stocks (transboundary stocks)|
|4.3||Regular seasonal migrations|
|4.3.2||The strategic choices|
|4.3.3||Tactical decisions - Allocation|
|4.3.4||Implementation and enforcement|
|4.4||Movements related to growth and development|
|4.5||Fishing in other EEZs|
|4.7||High seas fisheries|