FAO Fisheries Circular No. 773


FIIU/C773 (En)

 

 

 

Planning and engineering data
4. Containers for fish handling

 

Edited by

Jan Brox
Max Kristiansen
Albert Myrseth
Per W. Aasheim
NORPLAN - Fisheries Division
NORWAY

Table of Contents


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, October 1984

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Information Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 1981

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manuel recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


Table of Contents


PREPARATION OF THIS MANUAL

1. INTRODUCTION

2. CONTAINERS IN THE FISHING INDUSTRY

2.1 Fish as Raw Material
2.2 Deterioration of Fish Quality
2.3 The Importance of Containers in Fish Handling
2.4 Definition
2.5 General Requirements for Fish Containers

3. MATERIALS TO BE USED IN FISH BOXES AND CONTAINERS -PROPERTIES AND SUITABILITY

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Properties of Materials Used for Fish Boxes and Insulated Containers

4. STANDARDS

4.1 General
4.2 The Intention of Standardization
4.3 Standardization Systems
4.4 National Standards for Fish Boxes and Containers

5. FISH BOXES -STANDARD REQUIREMENTS

5.1 Structural Requirements
5.2 Fish Boxes -Description and Area of Use

6. SPECIAL CONTAINERS

6.1 Choice of Containers
6.2 Standards for Simple Containers
6.3 Containers for Road Transport
6.4 Container Standards
6.5 Calculation of Required Capacity for Refrigeration Unit

7. CALCULATION OF CAPACITIES AND CONSUMPTION OF ICE DURING HANDLING AND TRANSPORTATION

7.1 General
7.2 Ambient Temperature
7.3 Capacity of Boxes and Packing Density

8. HYGIENE REQUIREMENTS FOR DIFFERENT PACKING MATERIALS

8.1 General
8.2 Water and Water Quality
8.3 Requirements to Water Quality
8.4 Detergents
8.5 The Cleaning Process
8.6 Desinfection

9. DETERMINING QUANTITY REQUIREMENTS FOR FISH BOXES AND CONTAINERS

9.1 Quantity Requirements for Returnable Fish Boxes
9.2 Quantity Requirements for Non-Returnable Fish Boxes
9.3 Determining Quantity Requirements for Insulated Fish Containers

10. ECONOMICS

10.1 Production Cost
10.2 Distribution Costs -Freight

11. FISH BOXES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

11.1 Traditional Boxes and Containers
11.2 Other Boxes/Containers
11.3 Suitability and Availability of Local Materials for Boxes and Baskets
11.4 Spoilage Due to Lack of Adequate Packing and Handing Facilities
11.5 Introduction of Insulated Containers in Developing Countries

12. UNITS

13. REFERENCES