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2. FOREST RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH TIMBER PERMITS

The case study was carried out in cooperation with Stettin Bay Lumber Company Ltd. (SBLC), Timber Permit Holder of Timber Permit TP14-52, which is operating the Ania-Kapiura consolidated project located in the East and West New Britain Provinces; and with Vanimo Forest Products Pty. Ltd. (VFP), Timber Permit Holder of TP10-8, which is operating the Vanimo project located in the Sandaun Province, both in the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (PNG).

The granting of Timber Permits is the main policy instrument through which PNG's forest resources are to be developed in accordance with its National Forest Plan (NFP) of 1996.


Figure 1. Map of PNG showing the location of Vanimo Forest Products' Timber Permit TP10-8 (Vanimo) and Stettin Bay Lumber Company's Timber Permit TP14-52 (New Britain).

2.1 General information on project area development and allocation

In general, forest industry activities may be carried out by so-called "forest industry participants" under either

The granting of a "Timber Permit" results from a decision taken by the National Forest Board, referred to as the Board throughout this report, as the result of a set of consultative processes and procedures set out in the Forestry Act 1993 for the development of forest resources (Figure 2).

Timber Areas

 

TRP areas or similar

Ania-Kapiura & Fulleborn timber areas

 

20 ownership group and/or TRP areas

Kulu Dagi timber areas

 

7 TRP areas

Talasea timber areas

 

3 TRP areas

State-owned land

 

4 Land Purchase areas

Description

Forest area

Production forest area

Consolidated timber areas (former TP14-31)

222,069 ha

119,096 ha

(53.6%)

New areas

212,430 ha

105,540 ha

(49.7%)

TP14-52 total

434,499 ha

224,636 ha

(51.7%)

Source

Tree Species

Threshold

Average Volume

General Inventory

(SBLC 1989)

Commercial species

dbh > 50 cm

45.4 m/ha

Projected Harvest Level (PNGFA 1996b)

Commercial species

dbh > 50 cm

30.0 m/ha

Five-Year Plan survey (SBLC 1999)

Commercial species

dbh > 50 cm

24.5-29.6 m/ha

Species Code

Common Name

Scientific Name

Share of Stock

MAL

Malas

Homalium foetidum

14.7%

TAU

Taun

Pometia piunata

13.8%

CAL

Calophyllum

Calophyllum

11.1%

DIL

Dillenia

Dillenia papuana

8.8%

TER

Terminalia

Terminalia spp.

4.9%

CEL

Celtis

Celtis nymanii / C. kajewekii

4.2%

BUR

Burckella

Burkella obovata / B. sorei

4.0%

CEP

Cedar Pencil

Palaquium warburgianum

3.1%

CAR

Canarium

Canarium indicum

3.1%

AMO

Amora

Aglaia cucullata

2.2%

Portion of TP10-8

Forest area

Production forest area

Block 1

28,070 ha

21,560 ha

(76.8%)

Block 2

58,010 ha

46,740 ha

(80.6%)

Block 3

24,580 ha

18,140 ha

(73.8%)

Block 4

64,670 ha

60,700 ha

(93.9%)

Block 5

60,010 ha

47,670 ha

(79.4%)

Block 6 (former TP10-6

51,900 ha

39,270 ha

(75.7%)

TP10-08 total

287,240 ha

234,080 ha

(81.5%)

Production Forest Area

234,080 ha

 

100.0%

Villages and stream reserves

9,600 ha

 

4.1%

Benchmark & National Parks

14,000 ha

 

6.0%

Inaccessible areas

3,400 ha

 

1.4%

Harvestable Forest Area

207,080 ha

 

88.5%

Source

Tree Species

Threshold

Average Volume

General Inventory

(VFP 1990a)

Commercial species

dbh > 50 cm

60.6 m/ha

Projected Harvest Level (PNGFA 1996b)

Commercial species

dbh > 50 cm

22.0 m/ha

Five-Year Plan survey (VFP 1999)

Commercial species

dbh > 50 cm

13.4-17.4 m/ha

 

Commercial pre-logging inventory (minimum 10% sample of harvestable area)

Commercial timber harvest estimate for the study areas

Study area

Sampled area [ha]

(Intensity [%])

Trees

Volume

[m]

Harvestable area [ha]

(Total area)

Volume

[m]

Volume/ha [m/ha]

Trees/ha

               

Set-up M38/SBLC

10.1

(10.1%)

72

260

100

(100)

2576

25.8

7.1

group 1

 

55

200

 

1991

19.9

5.4

group 2

 

7

25

 

249

2.5

0.7

group 3

 

8

27

 

269

2.7

0.8

group 4

 

2

7

 

67

0.7

0.2

               

Set-up BL14/VFP

109.0

(94.0%)

316

1225

116

(147)

1304

11.2

2.9

group 1

 

100

397

 

423

3.6

0.9

  group 2a

 

14

64

 

68

0.6

0.1

  group 2b

 

62

241

 

256

2.2

0.6

  group 2c

 

71

265

 

282

2.4

0.7

group 3

 

69

258

 

275

2.4

0.6

               

Subplot BL14/VFP

26.2

175

678

26.2

678

25.9

6.7

               

   

Commercial inventory

Potential crop inventory

Study area

Area [ha]

Tree species

Trees

Volume/ha [m/ha]

Trees/ha

PCTs

Volume/ha [m/ha]

PCTs/ha

                 

Subplot BL14/VFP

26.2

31

175

25.9

6.7

39

1.85

1.5

                 

 

Information from felling, skidding, or scaling records

Study area

Area

[ha]

Volume harvested

[m]

Trees harvested

No. of species harvested

Volume harvested/ha [m/ha]

Trees harvested per ha

             

Set-up M38/SBLC

25.5

236.0 (*52.9)

40 (*9)

not available

9.2

1.6

             

Subplot BL14/VFP

26.2

458.7 (*17.7)

119 (*5)

31

17.5

4.5