of the

Expert Consultation on Plant Pest Management Curriculum Development for University and Related Institute Education in Asia-Pacific held from 25–28 April, 2000 at the Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAP), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bangkok, Thailand.

Edited by

Lim Guan Soon, Chong-Yao Shen and Pijush Kanti Saha

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Acronyms and Abbreviations

I. Opening Address - by R.B.Singh

II. Introductory Overview

Plant pest management curriculum development for university and related institute education in Asia-Pacific
- by Lim Guan-Soon

III. Country Statement

China           - by Chen Li-Feng
- by Wang Hui-Min

India            - by Prabhakar S. Chandurkar
- by S.N. Puri

Indonesia     - by Edhi Martono
- by Soesilo Wibowo

Malaysia      - by Yazid Mohd Esa

Pakistan       - by M.D. Mohsin

Philippines    - by Wilma R. Cuaterno

Thailand       - by Patcharee Menakanit
- by Surachate Jamornmarn

IV. Specific Topics

From passive observer to pest management expert: science education and farmers - by Peter A.C. Ooi

Curriculum development process - by Marut Jatiket

V. Overall Summary and Highlights

Current status and developing process
Areas needing emphasis
New aspects for incorporation
Mechanisms for upgrading skills relating to curriculum Development
Follow-up activities

VI. Recommendations

VII. Participants


This Expert Consultation on Plant Pest Management Curriculum Development for University and Related Institute Education in Asia-Pacific was held from 25–28 April, 2000 at the Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAP), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bangkok, Thailand. It was the first of its kind to bring together key experts in the field of plant pest management to initiate the process towards harmonizing the plant pest management curriculum for the region.

National experts from China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines and Thailand participated and presented their country review papers. The overview situation for the region was presented by the resource expert from CAB International (SEARC). Two specific topics covering mainly the plant pest management curriculum for farm level implementers were also delivered; one from the FAO Programme for Community IPM in Asia and the other from the Thai Education Foundation.

The papers presented in the Expert Consultation contained invaluable information and experiences pertaining to the development of plant pest management in the region. They include important aspects, such as, the origin and historical development of the curriculum, current status and the future plans. Weaknesses and constraints in the curriculum development were highlighted and suggestions for overcoming them made. The Expert Consultation addressed many issues arising from the ensuring discussions and made a number of specific and general recommendations for follow up, including proposing the establishment of the “Asia-Pacific Working Group on Plant Pest Management Curriculum Development”.

This compilation brings together the diverse aspects of plant pest management curriculum development in the Asia-Pacific region. It is hoped that the experience and information collated, including the recommendations derived from the critical appraisals in the Expert Consultation, will be useful in providing the current baseline on curriculum development for plant pest management in the region. Hopefully, from this foundation, relevant future programmes and workplan could be formulated to progress further the efforts initiated by this Expert Consultation towards developing a harmonized plant pest management curriculum for the region.

In preparing this compilation, we wish to take the opportunity to acknowledge the contributions and help of the following:

December 26, 2000Editors


AAUAnhui Agricultural University, China
ADGAssistant Director-General
AEAAgriculture Extension Academy, Indonesia
AESAAgroecosystem Analysis
AFTAASEAN Free Trade Area
AGRISAGRIS is the international information system for the agricultural sciences and technology. The system identifies worldwide literature (both conventional and non-conventional; the so-called “grey” literature), dealing with all aspects of agriculture.
AIADPAntique Integrated Area Development Programme, Philippines
APTAgricultural Production Technician
ARFAction Research Facility
ASCAustralian Studies Center, Thailand
ASEANAssociation of South East Asian Nations
BAUBeijing Agricultural University, China
BPIBureau of Plant Industry, Philippines
BPHBrown planthopper
BSUBenguet State University, Philippines
CABICAB International
CABI-IIBCCABI International Institute of Biological Control
CABI-SEARCCABI-South East Asia Regional Centre, Malaysia
CABPESTCDCABPESTCD is a quarterly CD-ROM database taken from CAB ABSTRACTS and covers all aspects of crop protection.
CAUChina Agricultural University (in China) or Central Agriculture University (in India)
CBDConvention on Biological Diversity
CPDCrop Protection Division, Philippines
CPPQDCrop Protection and Plant Quarantine Division, Malaysia
DADepartment of Agriculture, Philippines
DOADepartment of Agriculture (Malaysia or Thailand)
DOAEDepartment of Agriculture Extension, Thailand
DSSDecision Support System
EILEconomic injury level
ETLEconomic threshold level
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAO-IPC RiceFAO Intercountry Programme for Integrated Pest Control in Rice in South and Southeast Asia
FAO-RAPFAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand
FFLFarmers and Farmer-Leader
FFSFarmer Field School
FFFSFollow-up Farmer Field Studies
FL IField Leader I
FL IIField Leader II
FTCFarmer Training Centers, Malaysia
FTFFarmer Training Facility
GISGeographic Information System
GMOGenetically Modified Organisms
GMUGadjah Mada University, Indonesia
GTZDeutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenabeit GmbH.
HNAUHuanan Agricultural University, China
HRDDHuman Resource Development Division, Malaysia
IARIIndian Agricultural Research Institute
IBPBogor Institute of Agriculture, Indonesia
ICARIndian Council of Agricultural Research
IPCIntegrated Pest Control
IPMIntegrated Pest Management
IRRIInternational Rice Research Institute, Philippines
ISMIntegrated Soil Management
JAUJiangxi Agricultural University, China
KASAKALIKASANKasagaanna ng Sakaban At Kalikasan, Philippines
KAPKnowledge, attitude and practice
KUKasetsart University, Thailand
LGULocal Government Unit
MARDIMalaysian Agricultural Research & Dvelopment Institute
MEVETMunicipal Experts and Village Extension Trainer
MPOBMalaysian Palm Oil Board
MRBMalaysian Rubber Board
NAUNanjing Agricultural University, China
NCPCNational Crop Protection Center, Philippines
NFENon-Formal Education
NGONon-Government Organisation
NPPTINational Plant Protection Training Institute, Hyderabad, India
NTNational Trainer
PDPresidential Decree
PhilRicePhilippine Rice Research Institute
PPMCPlant Pest Management Curriculum
PPMCDPlant Pest Management Curriculum Development
PTDParticipatory Technology Development
POTPackage of Technology
PRAPest Risk Analysis
RAWEPRural Agricultural Work Experience Programme, India
RCPCRegional Crop Protection Center, Philippines
RESResearch and Extension Specialist
RETDCRegional Extension Training and Development Centers, Malaysia
RpRupiah (Indonesian)
RRRegional Representative
RsRupees (Indian)
SAUState Agriculture University, India
SDOAState Department of Agriculture, Malaysia
SEWSSurveillance and Early Warning System
SMSSubject Matter Specialist
TFTTraining-of-Farmer Trainers
T&VTraining and Visit
UKMUniversity Kebangsaan Malaysia (or the National University)
UMUniversity of Malaya
UPLBUniversity of the Philippines at Los Baños
UPMUniversity Putra Malaysia (formerly known as University Pertanian Malaysa)
UNCEDUnited Nations Conference on Environment and Development
USMUniversity Sains Malaysia or the Science University of Malaysia (in the case of Malaysia), or University of Southern Mindanao (in the case of the Philippines)
WBPHWhitebacked Planthoppers
WEXWork Experience, India
WGWorking Group
WTOWorld Trade Organization
YUACAgricultural Colleges of Yangzhou University, China
ZUACZhejiang University Agricultural College, China