The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture

2002


CONTENTS

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Glossary
Explanatory note

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PART 1
World review of fisheries and aquaculture
1

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Fisheries resources: trends in production, utilization and trade
Overview
Capture fisheries production
Fishers and fish farmers
The status of the fishing fleet
The status of fishery resources
Aquaculture
Fish utilization
Fish trade
International fisheries policy and governance

PART 2
SELECTED ISSUES FACING FISHERS AND AQUACULTURE

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Implementing the ecosystem approach to capture fisheries management
The issue
Possible solutions
Recent actions
Future perspective
Reliable statistics as an essential basis for effective fisheries management
The issue
Possible solutions
Global perspective
Catch certification and catch documentation
The issue
Possible solutions
Recent actions
Future perspective
Poverty alleviation in small-scale fishing communities
The issue
Possible solutions
Recent actions
Outlook
Antibiotic residues in aquaculture products
The issue
Possible solutions
Recent actions
Global perspective

PART 3
HIGHLIGHTS OF SPECIAL FAO STUDIES

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Fisheries and long-term climate variability
Background
Fisheries and long-term climate fluctuations
Correlation between fisheries and climate
Forecasting possibilities
Policy implications
The search for an operational definition of subsidies provided to the fisheries sector
Background
General considerations
Subsidies
Techno-economic performance of marine capture fisheries
Introduction
Cost structure of small-scale fishing vessels
Recent trends in financial and economic performance
Aquaculture development in China: the role of public sector policies
Introduction
Main findings
Development policies
The way forward
Conclusions

PART 4
OUTLOOK

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Introduction
Trends in long-term projections of fish production and consumption
Capture and aquaculture production
Consumption
World trade flows
The long-term outlook
Food and employment: the prospects
Capture fishers
Aquaculturists
Policy-makers
Conclusions

PART 5
FISHERIES ACTIVITIES OF COUNTRY GROUPINGS

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Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Caribbean Community and Common Market
Commonwealth of Independent States
Economic Community of West African States
European Community
Latin American Economic System
League of Arab States
North American Free Trade Agreement
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Southern African Development Community
South Pacific Forum



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The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.



ISBN 92-5-104842-8

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FAO 2002