SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION REPORTGlobal Information and Early Warning System on food and agriculture
Report No.3 - 12 August 2002
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Extended dry weather conditions over most parts of The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania and Senegal have damaged crop prospects and raised serious concerns over the food supply outlook. Following the first rains in June, a dry spell through late June and July has seriously affected growing crops. Re-plantings were carried-out in several areas and overall yield potential was seriously compromised. In Cape Verde, prospects for the maize crop, normally planted from July, are not favourable due to delayed onset of rains. A recovery in crop prospects will heavily depend on the performance of rainfall in August. By contrast, crop growing conditions have improved in central and eastern parts of the Sahel with increased and better distributed rainfall in most agricultural regions of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali and Niger. However, substantial replantings were necessary.
Pastures are regenerating gradually in the central and the eastern parts of
the Sahel. Grasshoppers are reported in Chad, Mali, Niger and Senegal, while
army worms infestations are reported in Chad and Mali. Grain-eating birds are
also present in Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal. The Desert Locusts situation
is calm but small-scale breeding is expected in southern Mauritania, northern
Mali and Niger as the rains increase in these areas.
BURKINA FASO CAPE-VERDE CHAD GAMBIA GUINEA-BISSAU
MALI MAURITANIA NIGER SENEGAL