FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.3 - December 2003 p.60

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An FAO/WFPCrop and Food Supply Assessment Mission in May estimated the 2003 cereal production at 1 million tonnes, including forecast for the winter wheat and barley crops. At this level, production is 41 percent higher than the poor level of last year but still well below average. Cereal import requirement for 2003/04 are estimated at 1.287 million tonnes, of which maize accounts for 980 000 tonnes. Given the acute shortage of foreign exchange, 610 000 tonnes need to be met through food aid.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)1602552714
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)272-1 5321 804
Previous year imports33121 1981 243
Previous five years average imports11822382522
2003/04 Domestic Availability9039171 010
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)9059171 011
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)9039171 010
Possible stock drawdown----
2003/04 Utilization388121 8972 297
Food use341121 5671 920
Non-food use12-300312
Exports or re-exports----
Possible stock build up35-3065
2003/04 Import Requirement29899801 287
Anticipated commercial imports2989370677
of which: received or contracted--174174
Food aid needs--610610
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges-53197250
of which: delivered-35255
Donor-financed purchases--99
of which: for local use--99
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)291133163
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)3306056
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average25341257247
Cereal share of total calorie intake   58
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsmaize; wheat; millet; sorghum
Lean seasonFebruary-April
Population (000s)11 770   
GNP per capita in 2002 (US$)n.a.   

FAO/GIEWS - December 2003

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