FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.14

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The revised 2003 aggregate cereal production stands at some 3.6 million tonnes, an increase of 16 percent compared with the record crop harvested in 2002. Cereal import requirement in 2003/04 (November/October), mostly rice and wheat, is forecast at 230 000 tonnes. About 500 000 tonnes of cereal are available for export and possible stock build-up in the country.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-893 0303 119
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-932 6772 770
Previous year imports5319613263
Previous five years average imports6317719259
2003/04 Domestic Availability5893 5493 643
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)-973 5493 646
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)-643 5493 613
Possible stock drawdown525-30
2003/04 Utilization602493 5643 874
Food use592292 4922 780
Non-food use120582603
Exports or re-exports--180180
Possible stock build up--310310
2003/04 Import Requirement5516015230
Anticipated commercial imports451505200
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs10101030
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges67215
of which: delivered2316
Donor-financed purchases--55
of which: for local use--55
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)519203226
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-104133132
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average88907989
Cereal share of total calorie intake   75
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsmillet; sorghum; pulses; maize
Lean seasonJuly-September
Population (000s)12 308   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)220   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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