FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.26

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Domestic cereal availability in the just ending 2004 marketing year (January/December) is estimated at 155 000 tonnes against total utilization requirements of 570 000 tonnes. Cereal import requirement is thus estimated at 415 000 tonnes. With commercial imports anticipated at 90 000 tonnes, food aid needs are estimated at 325 000 tonnes. As of end March, the amount of food aid pledged stood at 70 000 tonnes of which 18 000 have been delivered.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)3-5255
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)16-215231
Previous year imports34215231587
Previous five years average imports2521076338
2004 Domestic Availability53-102155
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)3-102105
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)3-102105
Possible stock drawdown50--50
2004 Utilization26315292570
Food use26315242520
Non-food use--3434
Exports or re-exports----
Possible stock build up--1616
2004 Import Requirement21015190415
Anticipated commercial imports60151590
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs150-175325
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges65-570
of which: delivered14-418
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)72466142
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)19-4745
2004 Import requirement compared to average83150250123
Cereal share of total calorie intake   79
Additional Information    
Major foodcropssorghum; teff; millet; maize; pulses
Lean seasonAugust-November
Population (000s)3 666   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)160   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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