FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.27

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   ETHIOPIA

The 2004 marketing year (January/December) domestic cereal availability is estimated at 10.46 million tonnes against total utilization requirements of about 10.69 million tonnes. Total cereal import requirement is thus estimated at 232 000 tonnes. With commercial imports anticipated at 50 000 tonnes, food aid needs amount to 182 000 tonnes. As of end March, food aid pledges stood at 142 000 tonnes of which 26 000 tonnes had been delivered. Recent reports indicate a relief food requirement of about 89 000 tonnes. Cereals available for local purchase amount to nearly 350 000 tonnes.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 2004 MARKETING YEAR (January/December)
 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)1 150-6 1807 330
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)1 322-7 1528 474
Previous year imports1 782151501 947
Previous five years average imports1 01413741 101
2004 Domestic Availability2 400-8 06010 460
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)1 900-8 0609 960
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)1 900-8 0609 960
Possible stock drawdown500--500
2004 Utilization2 595158 08210 692
Food use2 405157 0969 516
Non-food use190-8861 076
Exports or re-exports--2020
Possible stock build up--8080
2004 Import Requirement1951522232
Anticipated commercial imports3515-50
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs160-22182
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges113127142
of which: delivered9-1726
Donor-financed purchases--2424
of which: for local use--2424
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)33-98131
Indexes[percentage]
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)144-113118
2004 Import requirement compared to average191153021
Cereal share of total calorie intake   79
Additional Information    
Major foodcropssorghum; teff; millet; maize; pulses
Lean seasonAugust-November
Population (000s)72 438   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)160   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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