FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.43

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A recent FAO/CILSS Crop Assessment Mission provisionally estimated cereal production in 2003 to have increased by about 300 000 tonnes to a record 3.6 million tonnes. In spite of this good harvest, the country will need to import about 360 000 tonnes of cereal, mainly wheat, rice and maize for which the country has a structural deficit.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)3803 2583 341
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)8642 8082 880
Previous year imports55125167347
Previous five years average imports63126229418
2003/04 Domestic Availability3643 5493 616
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)3683 5493 620
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)3443 5493 596
Possible stock drawdown-20-20
2003/04 Utilization631843 7293 976
Food use621762 9243 161
Non-food use18581590
Exports or re-exports--5555
Possible stock build up--170170
2003/04 Import Requirement60120180360
Anticipated commercial imports55106180341
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs514-19
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges514-19
of which: delivered----
Donor-financed purchases--33
of which: for local use--33
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)514237257
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)36106126126
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average95957986
Cereal share of total calorie intake   69
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsmillet; sorghum; pulses; roots; tubers
Lean seasonJuly-September
Population (000s)12 315   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)170   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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