FISH SEED PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION IN INDIA
- Report of a mission to plan the expansion of fish seed production 14 November – 6 December 1977
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RECOMMENDATION AND SUMMARY
2.2 Freshwater fish farming
3. THE GOVERNMENT'S FISH FARMING DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES
4. THE PROPOSED PROJECT
4.2 Detailed features
4.3 Cost estimate
4.4 Proposed financing
5. ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
6. BENEFITS AND JUSTIFICATIONS
6.1 Financial viability
6.2 Economic benefits
1 Freshwater Fish Farming
2 Fish Seed Production Technology
3 Fish Farmers' Development Agencies
4 Strengthening of Fish Farming Extension Services
5 Financial Analysis
1 Typical Layout of a 3-ha Model Fish Seed Farm
2 Typical Layout of a 10-ha Model Fish Seed Farm
3 Typical Layout of a 25-ha Model Fish Seed Farm
4 Cross Sections (A-A) and (B-B)
5 Cross Sections (C-C) and (D-D)
6 Cross Section (E-E)
7 Cross Section of Main Water Gate
8 Cross Section of Division Box
9 Cross Section of Subsidiary Gate
10 Plan of In-Door Hatchery for a 3-ha Model Fish Seed Farm
11 Plan of In-Door Hatchery for a 10-ha Model Fish Seed Farm
12 Plan of In-Door Hatchery for a 25-ha Model Fish Seed Farm
13 Cross Section (A-A)
14 Cross Section (B-B)
15 Cross Section of Water Tank
Fish is one of the major sources of protein food for the Indian population and the potential fish culture production from various controllable small bodies of water in India is great.
The supply of quality fish seed is a key factor to the expansion of fish farming. Fish seed demand at present is strong, unsatisfied and expected to expand. The Government of India has therefore requested FAO's assistance in preparing a project for submission to an interested international or regional financial institution.
The proposed project would be concerned with the production and distribution of Asiatic carp seeds; i.e. major Indian carps and Chinese carps. It would be an essential complement to the central project of “Fish Farmers Development Agency”, in the states: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa and Karnataka and covers a total of 0.3 million ha of ponds and small irrigation reservoirs for rehabilitation and improvement.
State Fish Seed Corporations (SFSC) would be established in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa and Karnataka to produce and market quality fish seed on a commercial basis.
The project costs covering a 5-year disbursement period are estimated at U.S.$ 61.3 million. The principal investment would be: establishment of fish seed farms, civil works on rehabilitation and improvement of ponds and small irrigation reservoirs and a small amount for technical assistance and extension services.
A loan from an international or regional financial institution to the Government of India of U.S.$ 20.3 million is proposed to cover 50 percent of the estimated project costs for the establishment of fish seed farms and the total costs of technical assistance, and 50 percent of the individual loans for ponds rehabilitation and improvement, which constitutes 75 percent of the sub-project investment cost (excluding working capital).
The main project benefit would be increased fish production of about 140 000 tons annually at full development.
The proposed project will be suitable for a loan from an interested international or regional financial institution to assist the Government of India in its economic development and this financial institution should, in consultation with the Government of India, mount an appraisal mission to examine and assess the project document, to be prepared by the Government of India on the basis of project concepts and sub-project components outlined in this report. The appraisal mission should also negotiate with the Government of India the conditions of loan effectiveness and other assurances that may be required from the Government of India.