FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER NO. 439

FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 439

Guidelines on the collection of demographic and socio-economic information on fishing communities for use in coastal and aquatic resources management

by
Lolita V. Villareal
Consultant

 

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2004

Table of Contents


Cover photograph:
A small fishing vessel comes ashore in the Philippines where boats are often used to ferry passengers and goods. FAO/J. Holmes

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ISBN 92-5-105031-7
ISSN 0429-9345

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© FAO 2004


Villareal, L.V.; Kelleher, V. (ed.); Tietze, U. (ed.)
Guidelines on the collection of demographic and socio-economic information on fishing communities for use in coastal and aquatic resources management.
FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 439. Rome, FAO. 2004. 120p.

ABSTRACT

Article 10 of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) sets out principles and standards for the integration of fisheries in coastal management. Article 10.2.4 of the CCRF states: “States, in accordance with their capacities, should establish or promote the establishment of systems to monitor the coastal environment as part of the coastal management process using physical, chemical, biological, economic and social parameters.”

The guidelines presented in Part 1 of this Fisheries Technical Paper attempt to identify empirically verifiable key indicators for the identification of socio-economic and demographic issues, problems and opportunities in coastal and aquatic resources management and for monitoring the impact of management measures on the socio-economic well-being of coastal and fishing communities. The guidelines also identify data sources and methods for the collection of data.

Part 2 contains a summary of the proceedings and recommendations of the Regional Workshop on the Use of Demographic Data in Fisheries and Coastal Development and Management in the Philippines and other Southeast and South Asian Countries held at the University of the Philippines in the Visayas, Miag-ao, Iloilo, Philippines from 18 to 21 March 2002, as well as selected papers from the workshop.

In Part 3, two case studies, one from the United States of America and the other from Italy, describe how socio-economic and demographic indicators are actually used in coastal and aquatic resources management.


Table of Contents


PREFACE

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

INTRODUCTION

PART 1


GUIDELINES ON THE COLLECTION OF DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC INFORMATION ON FISHING COMMUNITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES

1. PURPOSE OF THE GUIDELINES

2. BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW

2.1 Fisheries profile
2.2 State of the Philippine population
2.3 Municipal fisherfolk population
2.4 State of the resource
2.5 Coastal Resource Management Programmes (CRMP)

3. SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC SYSTEMS: A FRAMEWORK

3.1 Macro level
3.2 Micro/project level

4. SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS AND INDICATORS

4.1 Coastal resource management planning process
4.2 Data needs and information requirements
4.3 Data collection
4.4 Household and individual questionnaires
4.5 Data processing and maintenance

REFERENCES

Annex 1: LIST OF 109 POPDEV INDICATORS

Annex 2: GUIDELINES FOR FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS

Annex 3: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE QUESTIONNAIRE: HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD SCHEDULE

Annex 4: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE QUESTIONNAIRE: INDIVIDUAL SCHEDULE

PART 2


SUMMARY OF PROCEEDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE USE OF DEMOGRAPHIC DATA IN FISHERIES AND COASTAL DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES AND OTHER SOUTHEAST AND SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES

1. BACKGROUND, PURPOSE AND PARTICIPATION

2. PROCEEDINGS

2.1 Opening ceremony
2.2 Present and future role of the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences in fisheries and coastal resource management
2.3 Status of coastal fisheries management in South and Southeast Asia: the need for management planning and the FAO Technical guidelines for responsible fisheries No. 3: Integration of fisheries into coastal area management
2.4 Demographic change in coastal fishing communities and its implications for the coastal environment
2.5 The use of demographic data in fisheries and coastal management and development policies and programmes
2.6 Some observations and challenges for action from a multilateral agency

3. DISCUSSION AND ADOPTION OF WORKSHOP RECOMMENDATIONS

Annex 1: PROGRAMME

Annex 2: LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

Annex 3: SELECTED PAPERS PRESENTED

PAPER 1

Present and future role of the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences in fisheries and coastal resource management
by Glenn D. Aguilar

1. INTRODUCTION

2. FISHERIES AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES

2.1 Fish production and balance of trade
2.2 Domestic demand
2.3 Fisheries contribution to the Philippine economy
2.4 Coastal resource management concerns

3. THE UP VISAYAS COLLEGE OF FISHERIES AND OCEAN SCIENCES

3.1 Instruction
3.2 Research
3.3 Extension

4. THE ROLE OF THE COLLEGE OF FISHERIES AND OCEAN SCIENCES

4.1 Continuation of its work
4.2 Providing expertise and leadership
4.3 Self-sustaining operations
4.4 Basic research and development of appropriate technologies
4.5 Improved delivery of research findings

5. CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

PAPER 2

Fisheries and coastal resource management in the Philippines
by Jessica C. Muñoz

1. INTRODUCTION

2. STATUS OF COASTAL HABITATS AND FISHERIES RESOURCES

2.1 Coral reefs
2.2 Mangrove communities
2.3 Seagrass
2.4 Seaweeds
2.5 Fisheries

3. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND DEMOGRAPHICS

4. FISHERIES AND COASTAL MANAGEMENT POLICIES: THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK

4.1 The Local Government Code of 1991 (RA 7160)
4.2 The Fisheries Code of 1998 (RA8550)
4.3 The Agriculture and Fishery Modernization Act of 1997 (AFMA, RA8435)
4.4 International treaties
4.5 Multilateral agreements

5. FISHERIES AND COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERVENTIONS AND STRATEGIES

5.1 Coastal and Fisheries Management Programmes
5.2 Management interventions
5.3 Information, Education and Communication (IEC)
5.4 Marine and fisheries research

6. COMMUNITY-BASED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT OR CO-MANAGEMENT AS AN APPROACH TO FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

6.1 Community organizing
6.2 Income diversification
6.3 Capability building

7. AGENCIES AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

8. CHALLENGES IN FISHERIES AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
REFERENCES

PART 3


CASE STUDIES ON THE USE OF DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS IN COASTAL MANAGEMENT

CASE STUDY 1

USE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION FOR COASTAL MANAGEMENT IN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON STATE, USA by Steve Tilley

1. INTRODUCTION

2. GROWTH MANAGEMENT BENCHMARKS

2.1 Population growth
2.2 Growth management benchmarks

3. PUGET SOUND SHELLFISH HARVEST

4. WEST COAST GROUNDFISH FLEET RESTRUCTURING PROJECT

5. CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

CASE STUDY 2

REGIONAL COASTAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT IN THE LIGURIA REGION OF ITALY by Franco Sibona

1. INTRODUCTION

2. FISHERY AND AQUACULTURE

3. REGIONAL COASTAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

4. USE OF DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS IN REGIONAL COASTAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

5. AN EXAMPLE FOR LOCAL COASTAL PLANNING: THE MUNICIPALITY OF VERNAZZA

5.1 Key indicators
5.2 Demographic and social problems
5.3 Activities proposed to improve the situation

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