Forest Resources Assessment WP 15

FRA 2000
Forest resources of Bangladesh
Country report







The Forest Resources Assessment Programme

Forests are crucial for the well-being of humanity. They provide foundations for life on earth through ecological functions, by regulating the climate and water resources, and by serving as habitats for plants and animals. Forests also furnish a wide range of essential goods such as wood, food, fodder and medicines, in addition to opportunities for recreation, spiritual renewal and other services.

Today, forests are under pressure from expanding human populations, which frequently leads to the conversion or degradation of forests into unsustainable forms of land use. When forests are lost or severely degraded, their capacity to function as regulators of the environment is also lost, increasing flood and erosion hazards, reducing soil fertility, and contributing to the loss of plant and animal life. As a result, the sustainable provision of goods and services from forests is jeopardized.

FAO, at the request of the member nations and the world community, regularly monitors the world's forests through the Forest Resources Assessment Programme. The next report, the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000 (FRA 2000), will review the forest situation by the end of the millennium. FRA 2000 will include country-level information based on existing forest inventory data, regional investigations of land-cover change processes, and a number of global studies focusing on the interaction between people and forests. The FRA 2000 report will be made public and distributed on the world wide web in the year 2000.

The Forest Resources Assessment Programme is organized under the Forest Resources Division (FOR) at FAO headquarters in Rome. Contact persons are:

Robert Davis FRA Programme Coordinator

Peter Holmgren FRA Project Director

or use the e-mail address:


The Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) Working Paper Series is designed to reflect the activities and progress of the FRA Programme of FAO. Working Papers are not authoritative information sources - they do not reflect the official position of FAO and should not be used for official purposes. Please refer to the FAO forestry website ( ) for access to official information.

The FRA Working Paper Series provides an important forum for the rapid release of preliminary FRA 2000 findings needed for validation and to facilitate the final development of an official quality-controlled FRA 2000 information set. Should users find any errors in the documents or have comments for improving their quality they should contact either Robert Davis or Peter Holmgren at

1 Introduction

2 Executive Summary

3 Bangladesh
3.1 General
3.2 Geology
3.3 Soil
3.4 Topography
3.5 River System
3.6 Ecological Zones
3.7 Institutions of Governance
3.8 Summary

4 Forest Resources
4.1 General
4.2 Landuse
4.3 Forests

4.3.1 Hill Forests
4.3.2 Plain Sal Forest Types
4.3.3 Littoral Mangrove Forest Types

4.4 Forest Land and Cover
4.5 Change in Forest Cover
4.6 Forest Growing Stock
4.7 Annual Yield
4.8 Biomass Production
4.9 Biological diversity
4.10 Conservation of Biodiversity
4.11 Protected Areas
4.12 Landuse within PAs
4.13 Management of PAs
4.14 Summary

5 Factors Affecting Forest Resources
5.1 General
5.2 Human Population
5.3 Agriculture
5.4 Livestock
5.5 Human Development
5.6 Economic Development
5.7 Inter and Intra - Sectoral growth
5.8 Economic Linkage with Other Sectors
5.9 Market Interference
5.10 Summary

6 Use of Forest Resources
6.1 General
6.2 Fuelwood
6.3 Poles
6.4 Pulpwood
6.5 Timber
6.6 Other Solid Wood Products
6.7 All Wood Products
6.8 Bamboo
6.9 Non forestry use of forest land
6.10 Import
6.11 Summary

7 Forest Planning and Management
7.1 General
7.2 Main Problems for Sustenance
7.3 National Forest Policy
7.4 Forest Planning
7.5 Forestry and Five Year Plans
7.6 Forest Management Plans
7.7 Public Management of Forest Industrial Activities
7.8 Management of Forestry Research
7.9 Forest Organization
7.10 Summary

8 Forest Regulation
8.1 General
8.2 State Acquisition and Tenancy (SAT) Act, 1950
8.3 The Acquisition of Wasteland Act, 1950
8.4 Brick Burning (Control) (Amendment) Act, 1992
8.5 Other Relevant Laws
8.6 Forest Act (Amendment), 1989
8.7 The Bangladesh Private Forest Act (PFA), 1959
8.8 The Bangladesh Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act, 1974
8.9 The Protection and Conservation of Fish (Amendment) Act, 1984
8.10 Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act, 1995
8.11 Forest Related International Conventions
Convention on Biological Diversity
8.12 Other Institutions Dealing With Forest Resources
8.13 Summary



FRA Working Papers

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