TCP/BHA/2802

Manual

Hot Pepper Seed and Crop Production in the Bahamas

 

Table of Contents

Prepared by the FAO project TCP/BHA/2802
in cooperation with
the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Local Government of the Bahamas

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2004


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© FAO 2004


Contents

FOREWORD

INTRODUCTION

THE IMPORTANCE OF GOOD QUALITY SEED

Production of quality declared seed of Bahamian Goat and Finger Peppers

PRODUCTION OF HOT PEPPER

The nursery
Selecting the nursery site
Insect-proof nursery construction
Material requirements for the construction of an insect-proof nursery

SEEDLING PRODUCTION

Potting soil
Seed sowing and young plant production
Summary of programme to produce satisfactory pepper seedlings

THE SITE FOR CROP PRODUCTION

Selecting the site
Isolation and rotation
Soil
Preparing the site
Summary of points to consider during site selection and preparation
Transplanting the seedlings
Summary of points to consider when planting out

NUTRITION OF THE HOT PEPPER CROP

Fertilizing at planting time
Fertilizing at the start of flowering
Fertilizing when the first fruit have developed
Fertilizing after first fruiting
Methods of fertilizer application
Summary of the main fertilizer application stages

IRRIGATION

Ridge and furrow
Overhead irrigation
Drip and trickle irrigation
Other irrigation systems

MULCHING

Mulching materials
Cover crops

WEED CONTROL

Disadvantages from weeds and volunteer crop plants
Control by cultivation
Control by weed killers (herbicides)

PESTS AND DISEASES OF HOT PEPPER

Insects
Fungi
Bacteria
Viruses

HARVESTING, GRADING AND POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT

Harvesting
Time of harvesting
How to harvest
Grading
Packing
Transporting

DIFFERENT TYPES OF MARKETED HOT PEPPER IN THE CARIBBEAN REGION

ORGANIC CROPS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES


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