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Europe includes the 15 countries in the European Union as of April 2004; Austria, Belgium, Denmark Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom (Great Britain); plus Eastern Europe, and Western European countries not members of the European Union (i.e. Norway).

Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) includes 13 countries in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay, Venezuela; 8 in Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and 15 in the Caribbean: Bahamas, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands.

South Asia (excluding India) consists of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

South-East Asia includes Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam.

Sub-Saharan Africa includes Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Réunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

References for country documents used in Appendix 1 (marked [*]) in the main text:


[*] Subsecretaría de Pesca, 2003. Política Nacional de Acuicultura.

[*] Asociación de Productores de Salmon y Trucha de Chile, 1998. Estudio sobre la salmonicultura en Chile.

[*] Ministerio de Economía, 2003. La industria de la acuicultura en Chile. Programa de Prespectiva Tecnológica, Ministerio de Economía.


[*] Bureau of Fisheries, 2000. Tenth Five-Year Plan. Bureau of Fisheries, Government of China.

[*] FAO estimates (personal communications).

[*] Wang, Y., 2001. China P.R.: A review of national aquaculture development. In: R.P. Subasinghe, P. Bueno, M.J. Phillips, C. Hough, S.E. McGladdery & Arthur, J.R. (Eds.) Aquaculture in the Next Millennium. Technical Proceedings of the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium, Bangkok, Thailand, 20 - 25 February 2000. NACA, Bangkok and FAO, Rome, pp. 307 - 316.


[*] El Gamal, A.R.A. 2002. Status and outlook of Egyptian aquaculture with special emphasis on data and information related to land and water use. Expert Consultation on Land Water use in Aquaculture, FAO, Rome, 7 - 10 October 2002. FAO, Rome.

[*] El - Gayar, O. 2003. Aquaculture in Egypt and issues for sustainable development. Aquaculture Economics and Management, 7(1/2): 137 - 154.


[*] Gumi, A. 2003. Travel report: Rio de Janeiro (Attendance to the 1st International Seminar on Aquaculture and Fisheries, 17 - 18 November 2003). Internal report, Fishery Policy and Planning Division, Fisheries Department, FAO, Rome.

[*] Gumi, A. 2004. Fortalecimiento institucional de la Secretaría Especial de Acuicultura y Pesca (SEAP). Technical Cooperation Project TCP/BRA/3001 (A), Fisheries Department, FAO, Rome.

[*] Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura, 2000. Programa nacional de apoio à competitividade e à sustentabilidade da cadeia da tilápia. Versão preliminar. Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura, Secretaria Executiva, Ministério da Agricultura e do Abastecimento, Brasília, DF.

[*] Secretaria Especial de Aqüicultura e Pesca, 2003. Projeto Político - Estrutural. Secretaria Especial de Aqüicultura e Pesca, Presidência da República, Brasília, DF.


[*] Doyon, M., Charron, I., Julien, S.S. & Gilbert, E. 2002. Valeur et impact économique de l’aquaculture canadienne en eau douce: état actuel (1999) et potentiel de développement. GREPA, Université Laval, Québec.

[*] Fisheries and Ocean Canada, 2000. Conference Report. Strategic planning session on aquaculture development, May 3 - 5, 2000. Fisheries and Ocean Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

[*] Fisheries and Ocean Canada, 2003. Achieving the Vision. Report to the Commissioner for Aquaculture Development, Fisheries and Ocean Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Available online:

Viet Nam:

[*] Jacobsen, I. 2004. Viet Nam. Globefish research programme. Fisheries Department, FAO, Rome.

[*] Institute for Fisheries Economics and Planning, 1997. Master Plan Project for Fisheries Development to the Year 2010. Operational Policies and Strategies to Realise Fisheries Development Objectives Institute for Fisheries Economics and Planning, Hanoi. Ministry of Fisheries, 2001. Sustainable aquaculture for poverty alleviation (SAPA): Strategy and Implementation. Ministry of Fisheries, Hanoi.


Mazid, M.A. 2002. Development of Fisheries in Bangladesh: Plans and Strategies for Income Generation and Poverty Alleviation. Nasima Mazid Publications, Dhaka.

Islam, M.N. 1999. Country report on review of aquaculture development (1980 - 2000) and aquaculture development plan (2001 - 2020) in Bangladesh. Presented at the Asian Regional Aquaculture Development Planning Workshop, 1 - 5 September 1999, Kanchanburi, Thailand.


[*] Gopakumar, K.; Ayyappan, S.; Jena, J.K.; Sahoo, S.K.; Sarkar, S.K.; Satapathy, B.B. & Nayak, P.K. (1999) National Freshwater Aquaculture Development Plan. Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, Orissa.

Gopakumar, K. 2003. Indian aquaculture. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 13(1/2): 1 - 10.


[*] Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Research, 2001. Philippine National Integrated RD&E Agenda and Program (NIRDEAP) for Aquaculture. DA - Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA - BAR), Quezon City.


[*] Secretary for Directorate General for Aquaculture, 2003. Policies on aquaculture development. Power - point presentation. Secretary for Directorate General for Aquaculture, Directorate General for Aquaculture, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Jakarta.


[*] NACA, 1996. Thailand country report. Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia - Pacific, Bangkok.

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