Model Plan for a Pacific Island Country

National plan of action to prevent,
deter and eliminate illegal, unreported
and unregulated fishing

Colin Brown
FAO Consultant


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2005

 

Table of Contents


Cover illustration by Emanuela D'Antoni

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ISBN 92-5-105374-X

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Brown, C.
Model plan for a Pacific Island country. National Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing.
Rome, FAO. 2005. 43p.

ABSTRACT

The Model Plan for the elaboration of an NPOA-IUU is designed to assist Pacific Island States give effect to the IPOA-IUU. The model incorporates the essential aspects and features of the IPOA-IUU, demonstrating how a NPOA-IUU might be drafted. In seeking to address IUU fishing the model provides an introduction (with an important focus on the fisheries situation in the model country) followed by measures that might be adopted under the headings of all State responsibilities, flag State responsibilities, coastal State measures, port State measures, internationally agreed market-related measures, research, regional fisheries management organizations and the special requirements of developing countries. Importantly, the model in the Appendix provides a checklist of supporting actions that Pacific Island States should take in developing and implementing their NPOAs-IUU.

© FAO 2005


CONTENTS

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 Purpose
1.2 FAO International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
1.3 Definition of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing
1.4 Why is IUU fishing a problem?
1.5 Fisheries profile

1.5.1 Marine fisheries

1.5.1.1 The subsistence fishery
1.5.1.2 Coastal commercial fishery
1.5.1.3 The industrial fishery

1.5.2 Economic considerations

1.5.2.1 Economic role of the fishing industry
1.5.2.2 Economic policy objectives of the Government for the fisheries sector
1.5.2.3 Development prospects

1.5.3 Fisheries management

1.5.3.1 Coastal commercial fisheries
1.5.3.2 Industrial fisheries

1.5.4 The Fisheries Management Act
1.5.5 Research and training
1.5.6 Development assistance
1.5.7 International and regional law and relations

1.5.7.1 Treaties and agreements
1.5.7.2 Membership of regional fishery bodies

1.6 Impact of IUU Fishing
1.7 Scope of the NPOA-IUU

2. ALL STATE RESPONSIBILITIES

2.1 International instruments
2.2 National legislation

2.2.1 Legislation
2.2.2 State control over nationals
2.2.3 Vessels without nationality
2.2.4 Sanctions
2.2.5 Non-cooperating States
2.2.6 Economic incentives
2.2.7 Monitoring, control and surveillance
2.2.8 Cooperation between States
2.2.9 Publicity

3. FLAG STATE RESPONSIBILITIES

3.1 Fishing vessel registration
3.2 Record of fishing vessels
3.3 Authorization to fish
3.4 Measures to control transport and re-supply vessels

4. COASTAL STATE RESPONSIBILITIES

5. PORT STATE MEASURES

5.1 Advance notice of access
5.2 Denial of access
5.3 Authorized ports
5.4 Evidence indicating IUU fishing
5.5 Cooperation with port States and through RFMOs

6. INTERNATIONALLY AGREED MARKET RELATED MEASURES

6.1 Trade-related measures

6.1.1 Catch documentation schemes
6.1.2 Transparency of markets
6.1.3 Information dissemination

7. REGIONAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS

7.1 Party compliance
7.2 Non-party compliance
7.3 Innovation
7.4 Inclusion of non-contracting parties

8. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

APPENDIX: SUPPORTING ACTION

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